‘Let the Muslim be my Master in Outward Things!’ References to Islam in the Promotion of Religious Tolerance in Christian Europe

Source: Alislam-eGazette

By Abdul Haq Compier

Religious tolerance may seem very self-evident to the modern reader, who is educated to believe that tolerance is one of the fundamental values upon which Europe was built. However, up until the 16th century, religious tolerance was not seen anywhere in Europe. Ever since the Roman Empire, Christian rulers governed by the phrase ‘One Empire, One Law, One Faith.’ Christian theology regarded Christ as the only way to salvation, and the Church as the only way to Christ.  Disbelievers were regarded to be exempted from salvation, and hence criminals, ‘children of Satan.’ The Church argued that it was the responsibility of the ruler to cleanse the community of corruption, or he would be held responsible. When persecutions became unbearable, Christians looked to Islam for help.

For the full text of the article go to: Islam in the Christian tolerance

2 replies

  1. How did Bonfiace VIII increased Papal powers and claim Papal infallibility?

    Among other endeavors he wrote the following to define his position:

    If the earthly power deviate from the right path, it is judged by the spiritual power; but if a minor spiritual power deviate from the right path, the lower in rank is judged by its superior … but if the supreme power [the papacy] deviate, it can be judged not by man but by God alone.

    And so the Apostle testifies … But this authority, although it be given to a man, and though it be exercised by a man, is not … human but a divine power given by divine word of mouth to Peter and confirmed to Peter and his successors by Christ himself, whom Peter confessed … Whoever, therefore, resists this power so ordained by God, resists the ordinance of God … Furthermore, that every human creature is subject to the Roman Pontiff, — we declare, say, define, and pronounce to be altoghether necessary to salvation.

    History of the Christian Church, Schaff, Volume V, Part II, page 25.

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