Trevor Phillips’ research on British Muslims is dangerous and wrong. No wonder Islamophobia is on the rise

Averting mistrust between religious communities is one of the key objectives of our time, but this study plays into the hands of those who seek to spread hatred

What do British Muslims really think? That was the question asked in a Channel 4 survey, the conclusions of which have sparked yet another round of Muslim-bashing.

The study’s lead, Trevor Phillips, declared that Britain’s Muslims are “becoming a nation within a nation.” Phillips’ conclusions about the hostility of British Muslims to mainstream society, their insularity and conservatism, have seized the headlines, amplifying Islamophobia and mistrust. Yet these claims are not supported by his own data.

Five months ago The Sun claimed that 20 per cent of British Muslims had “sympathy for jihadis” – which, it turned out, was wildly exaggerated. The newspaper went on to apologise, but the damage was done. With Channel 4’s survey, history is repeating itself.

This is not a pattern restricted to any one country. Framing Muslims as the ‘other’ is an international problem.

From Trump’s comments that “Islam hates us” to the recent cover of Polish magazine wSieci, which talked of the “Islamic rape of Europe”, the mischaracterisation of all Muslims as enemies plays into the hands of extremist groups. At a time of heightened tensions, we need nuance and accuracy. Instead, we’re presented with sensationalism and bigotry – even from the quarters least expected.

Phillips’ poll only interviewed Muslims from areas of Britain which are at least 20 per cent Muslim, though there is no explanation of what constitutes an “area” – a street, an apartment building, a neighbourhood, a city? The vast majority of British Muslims, let’s remember, do not live in areas that are 20 per cent Muslim.

The skewed sample is nevertheless conflated with the whole. A more honest write up of the survey would have been titled, ‘What do British Muslims living in marginalised Muslim ghettoes really think?’

Most Muslims who live in predominantly homogenous neighbourhoods are of lower socioeconomic status. It is fair to ask whether years of marginalisation and impoverishment among those communities have led to suspicion of wider society and scepticism towards liberal social values.


Like all people, Muslims are products of their environment. If this study focused on deprived areas it is likely that these are the areas in which extremism can (and sometimes does) flourish. This disenfranchisement creates huge political risk, but that risk is not specifically to do with religion or culture; we see the same dynamic in Muslim-majority countries too. A more meaningful and useful study would compare Muslims to other Britons within similar areas of the country, or Muslims with other faith communities.

The last few years have seen a frightening rise in anti-Muslim sentiment, not only in the UK but across Europe and North America. The refugee crisis, attacks by Isis and the popularity of far right movements sceptical towards diversity, have all turned the West against its own Muslims. In the last year we have seen Islamophobic attacks in the UK rise by 60 per cent. Alternative For Germany, a right wing party, has made spectacular gains in recent elections in Germany and a large number of Americans now support a “ban” on Muslims.

It is into this environment that Channel 4 irresponsibly released its deeply flawed study. To claim, without sufficient evidence, that British Muslims are a separate “nation within a nation” – that they are not, or do not perceive themselves to be British – is to suggest that Islam and the West are at odds.

This is not to deny legitimate concern about extreme levels of social conservatism, anti-Semitism or alienation from mainstream society within some western Muslim communities. But the consistent misrepresentation of European and North American Muslims is likely to increase a worrying trust deficit and the “clash of civilisations” that Isis and right-wing xenophobes are keen to promote.

Averting the dangerous mistrust between religious communities must be one of the key objectives of our time. It is time for accurate research, not witch hunts or trials by media.

Maha Akeel is Director of the Information at the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). The OIC Heads of State summit takes place in Istanbul this week


3 replies

  1. Interesting article. The vast majority of westerners do NOT care where Muslims live or where they are from. Too many of the recent bombers and masterminds were middle class or wealthier- with an extensive network of funding and knowledge of materials. Lower socioeconomic blah blah – the rise in islamophobia isn’t because of faulty news reporting or some colonial plot – it’s because average people are tired of images of destruction and bloodshed leading their evening newscasts. Has it been a week? a month since the last attack on innocents? NOPE. 2 blasts or attacks per day on average. child bombers, human shields, factory worker or school girl abductions. It is over the top grotesque and repeatedly from the ‘religion of peace’. Guess these guys all read some other translation (which is b.s. as few other faiths have ever retained such remarkable control over THE language used or number of translations). Large numbers of muslims in muslim majority countries agree with violence often – and death for everything from apostacy to insulting the Prophet (pbuh). So remind any of us again why we should open our doors to more muslim immigrants and why we should look forward to having them as neighbours? (sarcasm aside – I do believe most muslims are peace loving – however – their silence is deafening) Curious though – do all mosques/masjids around the world have pamphlets inside of them condoning killing Ahmadiyya Muslims? Or was that story dreamt up by the British Media too?

  2. This article is wrong on so many levels. I would suggest that Maha Akeel takes some time out from her life in Jeddah to visit the muslim ghettoes across Europe – she will find out that what the ummah truly thinks about life with the kuffir.

  3. It might be dangerous, but it’s not wrong. People were asked and they gave their views. The author simply doesn’t want to accept them.

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