Age of A’isha at the time of her marriage to Prophet Muhammad

Mosque of medina with a garden

The mosque of medina, first built by the prophet Muhammad, may peace be on him.  The Muslim Times has the best collection of articles about the prophet.

Source: Ismaili Gnosis

Prophet Muhammad married 12 women over his lifetime: 1 marriage was for love (Khadijah); 6 marriages (Sawda, Hafsah, Zaynab, Umm Salamah, Umm Habibah, Maymunah) were to vulnerable widowed and divorced women whom Muhammad took into his house and protection; 2 marriages were proposed or requested by the women (Safiyyah, Zaynab); 2 marriages were to form familial and political alliances with another tribe (A’isha, Juwariyah); 1 marriage (Maryam the Copt) was to a slave girl sent to Muhammad by the Archbishop of Alexandria (more on Muhammad’s marriages here).
•Contrary to popular myth, A’isha was not six years old when she married Muhammad. All of the historical evidence when examined as a whole suggests that A’isha was born 4 years before Muhammad began his prophetic mission and was married to the Prophet on her father’s initiative in the tenth year of Muhammad’s mission – she was therefore around 14 years of age at the time and this was a normal marriage age until quite recently. Ismaili Gnosis has summarized the evidence from various Muslim historical sources and reports which shows that she was 18 years old at marriage.

Aisha Marriage Age

Reference

Suggested reading

Of Aisha’s age at marriage

Ayesha’s Age at the Time of Her Marriage – A Response to Innocence of Muslims

Hadhrat Aisha’s Age at Marriage

The truth about Muhammad and Aisha

Aisha: Scholar and Wife of the Prophet of Islam

Hazrat Aisha was 19, not 9

Hadhrat Ayesha: A loving wife of the Holy Prophet of Islam

Rejecting the Myth of Sanctioned Child Marriage in Islam

 

3 replies

  1. Wonderful article to demystify the age of Aiysha (ra) at the time of her marriage with the visual chart. I will use it in the very near future to protest the vile allegations against Prophet Muhammad (saw) which happens on the Twitter very often. Thank you.

  2. Did Prophet Muhammad actually marry a six year old and consummate with her at nine?

    Ismaili Gnosis
    ·
    Updated February 27, 2018
    MA & PhD – Islamic Studies & Religion
    Originally Answered: Why does the prophet Mohammed marry a 9-year-old girl? [Islam]
    Actually there is little evidence she was 9 years old. Historical analysis of the sources shows she was around 14 when she was betrothed and around 18 when she was married to the Prophet and moved into his house. The hadith that says A’isha was 9 years old at marriage is reported by Hisham b. Urwa. This same Hisham ALSO reports other information about the ag e of A’isha’s sister (see below) that entails that A’isha was 18 years old when she married Muhammad. In other words, the same individual reported that A’isha was 9 years old and 18 years old.

    Some basic historical facts establish this:

    The Prophet begins his mission in 610 AD. Abu Bakr is the 3rd person to accept his call.
    Abu Bakr had four children, including A’isha, all of whom were born before 610 – as reported by the historian al-Tabari and many others.
    In the year 613, some Muslims migrated to Abyssania to avoid persecution. A’isha was engaged in that year to Jubayr ibn Muth’im and that engagement was called off due to the persecution – also reported by historian Tabari. This means A’isha was of marriage age in 613, at least 9 years old if she entered puberty early.
    A’isha had an older sister, Asma. Asma was 10 years older than her as agreed by all the various Muslim historians. Asma died in 73 AH, aged 100. This is reported in al-Dahabi’s Siyar A‘alam an-Nubala’, “Biographies of Noble Personalities”; Ibn Kathir’s al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah, “The Beginning & the Ending” and Imam ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalani’s Taqrib at-Tahdzib.
    620 was the year that Aisha and Muhammad were engaged (betrothed). In 620, Asma the sister of A’isha is 25 years old. That makes A’isha 14–15 years old in 620 when she is betrothed to Muhammad.
    624 is when A’isha married the Prophet. This makes A’isha 18–19 years old at the time of her marriage to Muhammad.
    A’isha also participated at the Battle of Uhud which happened in 624 AD. Nobody under age 15 was allowed to be at the Battle of Uhud as all the major historians report. So Aisha could not have been aged 9–10 in 624, when she married the Prophet on these grounds as well.
    Also, if you watch Game of Thrones, you would understand how marriage in 7th century Arabia is really not about romance, nor about sexual desire. It was about alliance building, merging clans, solidifying tribal loyalties and also bringing vulnerable women into the protection of powerful leaders.

    Prophet Muhammad married 12 women over his lifetime: 1 marriage was for love (Khadijah); 6 marriages (Sawda, Hafsah, Zaynab, Umm Salamah, Umm Habibah, Maymunah) were to vulnerable widowed and divorced women whom Muhammad took into his house and protection; 2 marriages were proposed or requested by the women (Safiyyah, Zaynab); 2 marriages were to form familial and political alliances with another tribe (A’isha, Juwariyah); 1 marriage (Maryam the Copt) was to a slave girl sent to Muhammad by the Archbishop of Alexandria (more on Muhammad’s marriages here).

    Contrary to popular myth, A’isha was not 9 years old when she married Muhammad. All of the historical evidence when examined as a whole suggests that A’isha was born 4 years before Muhammad began his prophetic mission and was married to the Prophet on her father’s initiative in the tenth year of Muhammad’s mission (620) – she was therefore around 14 years of age at the time of betrothal (620 AD) and 16-18 years old at the date of marriage (624 AD) and this was a normal marriage age until quite recently.

    https://www.quora.com/Did-Prophet-Muhammad-actually-marry-a-six-year-old-and-consummate-with-her-at-nine/answer/Ismaili-Gnosis

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