“Blood Moon” – How Do the Muslims Deal with an Eclipse

Suggested reading: Red planet and ‘blood moon’ pair up to dazzle skygazers

By Shahid Pervaiz, Canada

A. General Information about the Total Lunar Eclipse; the night between April 14 & 15,
2014

A lunar eclipse occurs when Earth in its orbital trajectory comes in between the sun and the moon. Thus, the sunlight does not reach the moon until the moon moves out of the shadow of the earth.

Eclipse

Reference

Timelines for the Lunar Eclipse, the night between April 14 and 15, 2014:-

Eastern Daylight Time
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 1:58 a.m.
Total eclipse begins: 3:07 a.m.
Greatest eclipse: 3:46 a.m.
Total eclipse ends: 4:25 a.m.
Partial eclipse ends: 5:33 a.m.

Central Daylight Time
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 12:58 a.m.
Total eclipse begins: 2:07 a.m.
Greatest eclipse: 2:46 a.m.
Total eclipse ends: 3:25 a.m.
Partial eclipse ends: 4:33 a.m.

Mountain Daylight Time
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 11:58 p.m. on April 14
Total eclipse begins: 1:07 a.m. on April 15
Greatest eclipse: 1:46 a.m.
Total eclipse ends: 2:25 a.m.
Partial eclipse ends: 3:33 a.m.

Pacific Daylight Time
Partial umbral eclipse begins: 10:58 p.m. on April 14
Total eclipse begins: 12:07 a.m. on April 15
Greatest eclipse: 12:46 a.m.
Total eclipse ends: 1:25 a.m.
Partial eclipse ends: 2:33 a.m.

B. The Muslim Ways

The core Islamic belief is that God Almighty (Allah in Arabic and adapted as “EL” in Hebrew); is the All Knowing Grand Creator of the universe (attributed as Khallaq ul Alim /Azeem).

Islam acknowledges the movements of the celestial bodies and the cosmic effects; their positive and negative impressions (such as the changes that correspond to vegetation and climate etc.) that relate to the physical laws. However, it rejects any attributions promulgated for the purposes of taking Omens and ascribing them to deaths and lives.

Islam encourages supplicating to Allah to seek His benevolence at all times; including the times when an eclipse occurs.

Lunar Eclipse is called Khusuf and Solar Eclipse is termed Kasuf.

For both of the occasions, the Islamic Teaching is to offer a special congregational prayer and seek Protection of Allah from all sorts of difficulties and adversities.

The manners of the Eclipse Prayer (Salat ul Khusuf / Kasuf)

This prayer (Salat) is offered:-

1. In congregation;
2. Without the formal call of prayer (Azaan and Aqamat);
3. Strictly during the occurrence of the eclipse;
4. Followed by a sermon about good deeds in life.

This prayer (Salat) consists of:-

1. Two Rakaats;
2. At least Two Rakoohs are performed in each Rakaat;

Traditions:-

1. Solar eclipse happened on the day of the demise of “Ibrahim” the son of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw). The Holy Prophet offered Salat ul Kasuf on that day with Three Rakoohs in each Rakaat.

2. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) used to recite Surah Al-Ankaboot and Surah Rome in his prayers; Chapters 29 and 30 of the Holy Quran, respectively.

Suggested Reading and Viewing

Discovery Channel Video: Moon: Does it have a purpose?

 

Categories: Americas, Astronomy

8 replies

  1. Quoting Huffington Post about Blood Moon

    What exactly is a “blood moon,” and what’s its connection to a lunar eclipse?

    Skywatchers will find out on April 15, as the first total lunar eclipse of 2014 kicks off a series of four blood moons expected to grace the night sky over the next year and a half. Just check out the new NASA video above to learn more.

    Total lunar eclipses are sometimes called “blood moons” as they can present “a dramatically colorful appearance, ranging from bright orange to blood red,” Fred Espenak, an astronomer with expertise in eclipses, told The Washington Post.

    The dramatic colors are the result of dispersed light from the Earth’s sunrises and sunsets falling on the face of the moon.

    The upcoming eclipse will be the first in a lunar eclipse tetrad, the term for four consecutive lunar eclipses. It will begin at 2 a.m. EDT on April 15 and will be visible for most skywatchers in North America.

    Reference

  2. More info on this subject is as follows about next Three Total Lunar eclipses, giving day, date,Magnitude, time of Max eclipse and Hijra date.
    ————————————
    1. WED 8 Oct 2014, 116%, 10:55 GMT~ 13 Z-HAJJ 1435H
    2. SAT 4 Apr 2015 99%, 12:01 GMT~ 14 J-THAN 1436H
    3. MON28 Sep 2015 127% 02:47 GMT~ 14 Z-HAJJ 1436H
    A Solar eclipse is occurring this month on Tuesday, 29th April MAGNITUDE 99% at 06:09 GMT.

  3. @ Shahid Pervaiz, Canada

    Bismilahirahmanirrahiim.

    (This is) a Message sent down from the Lord of the Worlds. (43) And if the messenger were to invent any sayings in Our name, (44) We should certainly seize him by his right hand, (45) And We should certainly then cut off the artery of his heart: (46) Nor could any of you withhold him (from Our wrath).QS 69:40-47

    According to Allah’s word above, Allah strongly warned Prophet Muhammad (saw); Do not invent any saying by His (Allah) name.

    As we are all Prophet Muhammad (saw) followers are forbidden to INVENT any saying in the name of Prophet Muhammad (saw) after the death of Prophet.

    I.e.
    —————————————-
    1. Solar eclipse happened on the day of the demise of “Ibrahim” the son of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw). The Holy Prophet offered Salat ul Kasuf on that day with Three Rakoohs in each Rakaat.

    2. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) used to recite Surah Al-Ankaboot and Surah Rome in his prayers; Chapters 29 and 30 of the Holy Quran, respectively.
    —————————————-

    Can we verify those sentences above really were told by prophet Muhammad (saw)??
    I bet you can not.

    If you can not verify, why do you dare to say that above paragraphs came from Prophet Muhammad(saw’s mouth?

    Anyone can explain it?

    All love
    Wassalam

  4. Lunar eclipse always takes place on 13 or 14 or 15 of Lunar month. It takes place at night and cannot be observed by those who have day light. 13th is the first night for Lunar eclipse. But it may take place on the second or third night I.e. 14th or 15th date. Lunar date starts from sunset.
    Solar eclipse occurs on the 27. 28 or 29th Lunar date. It can be observed in those places where it is day time. The time of Solar eclipse is very short. It is observed in few areas for short time. Lunar eclipse is visible for longer time over a vast area.

  5. @ Shahid Pervaiz.quota

    Following are a Number of Traditions recorded in *Sahi Bukhari* and *Muslim* in their respective chapters about the Eclipses.

    “The Sun and the Moon are two of the Signs (Ayat) of Allah: they do not darken for the death or birth of any person, but Allah strikes fear into His servants by means of them. So when you see them darken, remember and mention Allah, declare His Greatness, offer prayer, give in charity, and supplicate to Him and seek His forgiveness.” (Bukhari)”Quota
    ———————–

    Dear Shahid Pervaiz

    Can you ponder this ayat?

    (This is) a Message sent down from the Lord of the Worlds. (43) And if the messenger were to invent any sayings in Our name, (44) We should certainly seize him by his right hand, (45) And We should certainly then cut off the artery of his heart: (46) Nor could any of you withhold him (from Our wrath).QS 69:40-47

    Prophet Muhammad (saw) was told strongly by Allah;

    ” DO NOT USE / INVENT MY NAME ”

    Do you believe that Hadits are true Hadits, came from Prophet Muhammad (saw) ?

    Why do you believe and trust what Scholar Muslim wrote in his Book?

    Allah never commanded us to believe in the book Hadits beside His Books. right?

    Prophet Muhammad (saw) never verify the book of Hadits Muslim and Bukhari. Right?

    Can you explain it?
    Thanking you in advance

    All love

  6. NO – I cannot. It is futile, if a person cannot differentiate between the “tradition” and a “saying”.

    Millions of Muslims offer salat (daily) in specific statutes of takbir, qayam, rakooh, qoma, sajda & jelsa, etc. Are those statutes prescribed in the Holy Quran?
    Should Muslims not stop to offer salat, if your stance is correct?

    Please learn if you can.
    ‘O my Lord, increase me in knowledge.’
    Amen

    [20:115] Exalted then is Allah, the True King! And be not impatient for the Qur’an ere its revelation is completed unto thee, but only say, ‘O my Lord, increase me in knowledge.’
    [20:115] پس اللہ سچا بادشاہ بہت رفیع الشان ہے۔ پس قرآن (کے پڑھنے) میں جلدی نہ کیا کر پیشتر اس کے کہ اُس کی وحی تجھ پر مکمل کردی جائے اور یہ کہا کر کہ اے میرے ربّ! مجھے علم میں بڑھادے۔

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