On the excellence of fasting the Day of ‘Arafa, ‘Ashura’ and the ninth of Muharram

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

227. Chapter: On the excellence of fasting the Day of ‘Arafa, ‘Ashura’ and the ninth of Muharram

1250. Abu Qatada said “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about fasting the Day of ‘Arafat. He said, ‘It expiates the past year and coming year.'” [Muslim]

1251. Ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, fasted the Day of ‘Ashura’ and ordered it to be fasted. [Agreed upon]

1252. Abu Qatada reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about fasting the Day of ‘Ashura’ and said, “It expiates the past year.” [Muslim]

1253. Ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If I remain alive until next year, I will fast the ninth.” [Muslim]

SOURCE:

and from Wikipedia:

Virtues of the Day of Arafah

There are numerous virtues of the 9th of Dhu ’l-Hijjah which is known as yawm al-‘Arafah. This is the day where the pilgrims assemble on the plain of ‘Arafah to complete one of the essential rituals of the Hajj.

From among the many merits of this day, a few are that this is the day the religion was perfected and the blessings of Allah were complete. The following verse was revealed to the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) on the day of ‘Arafah:Allah says: “Today, I have perfected your religion for you, and have completed My blessing upon you, and chosen Islam as Dīn (religion and a way of life) for you”. (Al Maidah: V3)

The completion of Allah’s blessing refers to forgiveness for ones sins by Allah, as without it the blessings of Allah cannot be complete. This brings to light the importance of being forgiven by Allah.

Fasting on Arafah day is an expiation for sins committed the year before and the year after:

حدثنا ‏ ‏أحمد بن عبدة ‏ ‏أنبأنا ‏ ‏حماد بن زيد ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏غيلان بن جرير ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏عبد الله بن معبد الزماني ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبي قتادة ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏صيام يوم ‏ ‏عرفة ‏ ‏إني ‏ ‏أحتسب ‏ ‏على الله أن يكفر السنة التي قبله والتي بعده

Abu Qatadah (may Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have said that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Fasting on the day of ‘Arafah is an expiation (of sins) for two years, the year preceding it and the year following it. (Reported by Ibn Majah)[2]

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1 reply

  1. Excellence of the Day of `Arafah

    In the Name of Allaah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

    All praise & thanks are due to Allaah, & peace & blessings be upon His Messengers.

    It is very important to note that there is no day better in the sight of Allaah than the Day of `Arafah.

    On this day Allaah descends to the nearest heaven, & He is proud of His slaves on the earth & says to those in heaven,

    “Look at My servants. They have come from far & near, with hair dishevelled & faces covered with dust, to seek My mercy, even though they have not seen My chastisement.”

    Jabir reported that the Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) said:

    “The 10 days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah are the best days in the sight of Allaah.”

    A man asked:

    “Are these days better than an equivalent number of days that are spent fighting for the cause of Allaah?”

    The Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) answered:

    “They are better than an equivalent number of days spent fighting in the cause of Allaah.

    And there is no day better in the sight of Allaah than the Day of `Arafah. On this day Allaah, the Almighty & the Exalted One,

    descends to the nearest heaven, & He is proud of His slaves on the earth & says to those in heaven, ‘Look at My servants.

    They have come from far & near, with hair dishevelled & faces covered with dust, to seek My mercy, even though they have not seen My chastisement.

    Far more people are freed from the Hellfire on the Day of `Arafah than on any other day. ’”

    [Al-Mundhree said that this Hadith was reported by Aboo Ya`la, Al-Bazzar, Ibn Khuzaymah, & Ibn Hibban, in whose wording it is given here].

    Ibn Al-Mubarak reported from Sufyaan Ath-Thawree, from Az-Zubayr ibn `Alee, from Anas ibn Malik that he said:

    The Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) spent the day at `Arafah until almost sunset.

    Then he said,

    “O Bilal, ask the people to be quiet & listen to me.”

    Bilal stood up & asked the people to be quiet & listen to the Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him).

    When the people were quiet, the Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) said:

    “O people, a little while ago Gabriel (peace & blessings be upon him) came to me.

    Gave me salutations from Allaah & informed me that Allaah has forgiven those who spend the Day at `Arafah & those who stop at Al-Mash’ar Al-Haram, & that He has guaranteed their debts.”

    At this `Umar ibn Al-Khattab stood up & asked,

    “O Allaah’s Messenger, is this for us only?”

    The Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) said,

    “This is for you & for all those who will come after you until the Day of Judgment.” `Umar exclaimed, “How plentiful & blissful Allaah’s bounties are!”

    Muslim & others have reported from `Â’ishah that the Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) said,

    “Allaah frees far more people from Hellfire on the Day of `Arafah than on any other day, & Allaah comes closer this day & proudly says to the angels, ‘What do these people want & seek?’”

    Aboo Ad-Darda’ reported that the Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) said:

    “On no other day does the Satan feel so belittled, humiliated, & angry as he does on the Day of `Arafah.”

    The reason for this is the mercy of Allaah that descends (this day) & the forgiveness that He grants to people for major sins, except the day of the Battle of Badr, which witnessed a far greater mercy of Allaah descending upon people, which caused great sadness to Satan.

    The Prophet (peace & blessings be upon him) was asked:

    “O Prophet of Allaah, what did Satan see on the day of the Battle of Badr?”

    “He saw Gabriel leading the troops of angels,” he replied.

    [Reported by Malik & Al-Hakim]

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