Indian author Khushwant Singh dies
One of India’s best known authors and journalists, Khushwant Singh, has died aged 99, his family says.
A prolific writer, he wrote dozens of novels and short story collections. He also edited several magazines and newspapers in the 1970s and 80s.
Khushwant Singh’s novel, Train to Pakistan, based on the bloody partition of India in 1947, was made into a film.
He also served a term as an MP and was given the Padma Vibhushan, a civilian award, by the government.
Mr Singh, died at his home in the Indian capital, Delhi, after suffering from respiratory trouble, his family said on Thursday.
A Sikh, he was born in what is now Pakistan, and was known in particular for his biting satire.
He continued to write his popular column, With Malice Towards One and All, until his death.
In 1984, he returned a civilian award in protest at the Indian government’s move to send troops into the Golden Temple, the holiest Sikh shrine, to flush out militants.
But in 2007, he accepted the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian award.
Tributes have been pouring in for the legendary writer.
“A gifted author, candid commentator and a dear friend. He lived a truly creative life,” Prime Minister Manmohan Singh wrote on Twitter.
Read Train to Pakistan
An agnostic’s view of life & death
Khushwant Singh | Oct 23, 2011, 12.00 AM IST
Killing is not right. Killing animals to eat them is not a civilised thing to do, but carnivores exist in nature and in many places, humans have to subsist on non-vegetarian food for reasons beyond their control. But wherever possible, vegetarianism must be practised. Hurting people physically or mentally, whether by word or action is wrong. Ahimsa is more important than prayer. Ahimsa should be the central principle of your faith, but you have to raise your voice against injustice. Then, if you hurt someone who has hurt other people, it is justified. But the death penalty is barbaric — it is murder by the state.
Once, as editor of The Illustrated Weekly of India, I wrote an editorial on the issue of hunting and killing animals for sport. Then, I sent individual letters to chief ministers of states asking them to ban shikar. Some of them responded by banning it. As one who has faith in ahimsa, I feel good about this.
So, life should be lived with compassion and non-violence. I think a lot about life and the way we live it; I also think about death and how we deal with it. The basic point is, we don’t know where we come from; we also don’t know where we go after death. In between, we might know a little about life. People talk a lot about body and soul — I’ve never seen a soul, nor do I know anyone who has seen one. So for me, death is a full stop. I don’t subscribe to the theory of rebirth endorsed by Hinduism and Buddhism nor do I believe in the Judeo-Christian belief in a heaven and hell. Ghalib said: “We know the truth about paradise but to beguile your mind is not a bad idea.”
When I met The Dalai Lama, I told him I didn’t believe in God. He threw his head back and laughed, saying, nor do Buddhists. I often wonder, how only Hindu and Buddhist children relate incidents from previous births while Muslim and Christian children don’t. There is nothing unique about death. Death comes to all who are born. So we don’t need to pull a long face when death comes. Of course, it is human nature to grieve for someone you’ve lost. But that’s no reason to create a big fuss, wailing and screaming. Nor is there any need to have elaborate rituals.
Death is in the order of nature — when your time comes, die with dignity. I’m a member of the ‘Die with Dignity’ society formed by Minoo Masani 20 years ago. I can’t say I don’t fear death — but I’m more concerned about whether it is going to be a long drawn out painful process.
Iqbal wrote: “If you ask me about the sign of faith/when death comes to him/he should have a smile on his face.” I’m all for the ancient tradition of celebrating death. When people over 70 years die, their death should be marked with celebrations including music, dancing and feasting. It is a sign of maturity and acceptance of the inevitable. I’ve discarded all religions, but I feel closest to Jainism. Every person has the right to end his life — after having fulfilled his worldly duties and if he feels he has now become a burden on others. It is legitimate to want to extinguish your life. Acharya Vinoba Bhave and Jain munis have done this. I wish to be buried with just a tree planted over my grave — no tombstone, nothing. If you live close to the sea, go for burial at sea. It saves wood.