Should Pakistan now Declare Ahmadis to be Muslims in the Light of the Amman Message?

 There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is His Prophet.

Is it high time for Pakistan to correct her political and religious mistake of declaring the Ahamdi Muslims as non-Muslims in 1974, under the influence of short sighted leadership?

A recent publication the Muslim 500: ‘500 Most Influential Muslims’ published under the auspices of the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center in Saudi Arabia describes the Amman Message as below, which describes and defines a Muslim, on page 32 of the publication:

Orthodoxy in Islam is based on verse 2:285 of the Holy Qur’an, and has been best defined by the historical 2005 international Islamic consensus on the ‘three points’ of the Amman Message, these points being: (a) Whosoever is  an adherent to one of the four Sunni schools (mathahib) of Islamic jurisprudence (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi‘i and Hanbali), the two Shi‘a schools of Islamic jurisprudence ( Ja‘fari and Zaydi), the Ibadi school of Islamic jurisprudence and the Thahiri school of Islamic jurisprudence, is a Muslim. Declaring that person an apostate is impossible and impermissible. Verily his (or her) blood, honour, and property are inviolable. Moreover, in accordance with the  Sheikh Al-Azhar’s fatwa, it is neither possible nor permissible to declare whosoever subscribes to the Ash’ari creed or whoever practices real Tasawwuf (Sufism) an apostate. Likewise, it is neither possible nor permissible to  declare whosoever subscribes to true Salafi thought an apostate.

Equally, it is neither possible nor permissible to declare as apostates any group of Muslims who believes in God, Glorified and Exalted be He, and His Messenger (may peace and blessings be upon him) and the pillars of faith,  and acknowledges the five pillars of Islam, and does not deny any necessarily self-evident tenet of religion.

(b) There exists more in common between the various schools of Islamic jurisprudence than there is difference between them. The adherents to the eight schools of Islamic jurisprudence are in agreement as regards the basic  principles of Islam. All believe in Allah (God), Glorified and Exalted be He, the One and the Unique; that the Noble Qur’an is the Revealed Word of God; and that our master Muhammad, may blessings and peace be upon him, is a Prophet and Messenger unto all mankind. All are in agreement about the five pillars of Islam: the two testaments of faith (shahadatayn); the ritual prayer (salat); almsgiving (zakat); fasting the month of Ramadan (sawm), and the Hajj to the sacred house of God (in Mecca). All are also in agreement about the foundations of belief: belief in Allah (God), His angels, His scriptures, His messengers, and in the Day of Judgment, in Divine Providence in good and in evil. Disagreements between the ulema (scholars) of the eight schools of Islamic jurisprudence are only with respect to the ancillary branches of religion ( furu’) and not as regards the principles and fundamentals (usul) [of the religion of Islam]. Disagreement with respect to the ancillary branches of religion ( furu‘) is a mercy. Long ago it was said that variance in opinion among the ulema (scholars) ‘is a good affair’.

(c) Acknowledgement of the schools of Islamic jurisprudence (mathahib) within Islam means adhering to a fundamental methodology in the issuance of fatwas: no one may issue a fatwa without the requisite personal qualifications which each school of Islamic jurisprudence determines [for its own adherents]. No one may issue a fatwa without adhering to the methodology of the schools of Islamic jurisprudence. No one may claim to do unlimited Ijtihad and create a new school of Islamic jurisprudence or to issue unacceptable fatwas that take Muslims out of the principles and certainties of the sharia and what has been established in respect of its schools of jurisprudence.

According to these definitions the members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, should be clearly considered to be Muslims, by the Sunni and Shiite Muslims in Pakistan also, as the Ahmadiyya Commuinity follows the Hanafi-Islamic jurisprudence.

Click through to see the list of top 50 most influential Muslims in the world, as compiled by Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center.

Below I am copying the Homepage of the official website about the Amman Message, which basically states the same as above.  I took the liberty of copying the whole page, to freeze it in time, so, if some changes are made over time, we will be able to show it to the readers of the Muslim Times:

The Amman Message started as a detailed statement released the eve of the 27th of Ramadan 1425 AH / 9th November 2004 CE by H.M. King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein in Amman, Jordan. It sought to declare what Islam is and what it is not, and what actions represent it and what actions do not. Its goal was to clarify to the modern world the true nature of Islam and the nature of true Islam.

In order to give this statement more religious authority, H.M. King Abdullah II then sent the following three questions to 24 of the most senior religious scholars from all around the world representing all the branches and schools of Islam: (1) Who is a Muslim? (2) Is it permissible to declare someone an apostate (takfir)? (3) Who has the right to undertake issuing fatwas (legal rulings)?

Based on the fatwas provided by these great scholars (who included the Shaykh Al-Azhar; Ayatollah Sistani and Sheikh Qaradawi), in July 2005 CE, H.M. King Abdullah II convened an international Islamic conference of 200 of the world’s leading Islamic scholars ‘Ulama) from 50 countries. In Amman, the scholars unanimously issued a ruling on three fundamental issues (which became known as the ‘Three Points of the Amman Message’):

  1. They specifically recognized the validity of all 8 Mathhabs (legal schools) of Sunni, Shi’a and Ibadhi Islam; of traditional Islamic Theology (Ash’arism); of Islamic Mysticism (Sufism), and of true Salafi thought, and came to a precise definition of who is a Muslim.
  2. Based upon this definition they forbade takfir (declarations of apostasy) between Muslims.
  3. Based upon the Mathahib they set forth the subjective and objective preconditions for the issuing of fatwas, thereby exposing ignorant and illegitimate edicts in the name of Islam.

These Three Points were then unanimously adopted by the Islamic World’s political and temporal leaderships at the Organization of the Islamic Conference summit at Mecca in December 2005. And over a period of one year from July 2005 to July 2006, the Three Points were also unanimously adopted by six other international Islamic scholarly assemblies, culminating with the International Islamic Fiqh Academy of Jeddah, in July 2006. In total, over 500 leading Muslim scholars worldwide—as can be seen on this website [click here to see the entire list] unanimously endorsed the Amman Message and its Three Points.

This amounts to a historical, universal and unanimous religious and political consensus (ijma’) of the Ummah (nation) of Islam in our day, and a consolidation of traditional, orthodox Islam. The significance of this is: (1) that it is the first time in over a thousand years that the Ummah has formally and specifically come to such a pluralistic mutual inter-recognition; and (2) that such a recognition is religiously legally binding on Muslims since the Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) said: My Ummah will not agree upon an error (Ibn Majah, Sunan, Kitab al-Fitan, Hadith no.4085).

This is good news not only for Muslims, for whom it provides a basis for unity and a solution to infighting, but also for non-Muslims. For the safeguarding of the legal methodologies of Islam (the Mathahib) necessarily means inherently preserving traditional Islam’s internal ‘checks and balances’. It thus assures balanced Islamic solutions for essential issues like human rights; women’s rights; freedom of religion; legitimate jihad; good citizenship of Muslims in non-Muslim countries, and just and democratic government. It also exposes the illegitimate opinions of radical fundamentalists and terrorists from the point of view of true Islam. As George Yeo, the Foreign Minister of Singapore, declared in the 60th Session of the U.N. General Assembly (about the Amman Message): “Without this clarification, the war against terrorism would be much harder to fight.”

Finally, whilst this by the Grace of God is a historical achievement, it will clearly remain only principial unless it is put into practice everywhere. For this reason, H.M. King Abdullah II is now seeking to implement it, God willing, through various pragmatic measures, including (1) inter-Islamic treaties; (2) national and international legislation using the Three Points of the Amman Message to define Islam and forbid takfir; (3) the use of publishing and the multi-media in all their aspects to spread the Amman Message; (4) instituting the teaching of the Amman Message in school curricula and university courses worldwide; and (5) making it part of the training of mosque Imams and making it included in their sermons.

God says in the Holy Qur’an says:

There is no good in much of their secret conferences save (in) whosoever enjoineth charity and fairness and peace-making among the people and whoso doeth that, seeking the good pleasure of God, We shall bestow on him a vast reward. (Al-Nisa, 4:114).

6 replies

  1. The Light of the Amman Message or no Light of the Amman Message, declaring Ahmadis non Muslim was against the fundamental teachings of Islam anyway. What do they care about ‘the Amman Message’ the people in Pakistan who declared Ahmadis non Muslim by completely ignoring the true teachings of Islam.

  2. The so called muslims of Pakistan are very far behind the creed of Islam.They dont even follow the teachings of the Holy Quran and Hadiths. They completely ignore the teachings of Hazrat Mohammad saw. They follow only the teachings of the Mullahs and their fatwas. How on earth are they going to care about the Amman Message. It may so happen that the mullahs of Pakistan may declare the Amman Message as UNISLAMIC. We have to expect such things from them!!

  3. Yes for sure for their own survival they should immediately rewrite their constitution and beg pardon from Allah. Other wise watch the programme on Duniya TV dated 25th Aug 2012.

  4. I think it was Ahmadi first who disassociated themselves with the main stream Islam, the 1974 was a reaction to their attitude towards majority muslims…

    They should backtrack on their instance and I think the majority muslim should also rethink on this issue.

  5. If anybody is to take the Pakistan constitution seriously, then these are some points to reflect upon:

    1) The country has yet to define “who a Muslim is”. They have, in a rush, only been able to define “who a non-muslim is”.

    2) By their own constitution, the Lahori ahmadies who do not believe in the Prophethood of the Promised Messiah (as) should be “muslims” !!!!

    3) Their constitution says that anybody who believes in any type of prophet(including old ones) or a reformer after the Holy Prophet (saw) is a non-Muslim !!! So they have actually disenfanchised the whole Muslims Ummah.

    4) Many sunni and shia muslim brothers who support the anti-ahmadiyya Pakistani law do so because since childhood the Mullahs have spewed venom against the Ahmadi Muslims and they have been made to beileve in an utter falsehood when it comes to the essence of the Ahmadiyya Myuslims beliefs.

    On a final note I don’t think that the Mullahs will change. I don’t think that they will change their ideas even if God and his Prophet(PBUH) descend on earth and request them to do so.

    On the same note I don’t think that the Pakistani Government will correct its mistake. I think that, that same constitution which tried to rip the Ahmadiyya Muslim community apart will unfortunately rip the country apart.

    This is what some of them say:

Leave a Reply