Huff Post: by Robert Gardner
During the production of “Islamic Art: Mirror of the Invisible World,” which airs this Friday as part of the PBS Arts Summer Festival, we filmed some of the most stunning examples of Islamic architecture in the world.
Two buildings that represent a great contrast and diversity in Islamic architecture are the Taj Mahal in India, probably the best known Islamic monument and one of the most memorable buildings in human history, and the Great Mosque of Djenne in Mali, the largest mud construction in the world, an astonishing example of indigenous African adobe architecture.
The distinctive profile of the Taj Mahal — like the Pyramids, the Eiffel Tower or the tower of Pisa — has become an icon for its native country of India. The Taj’s immense scale can only be understood when we compare the tiny figures of visitors gathered at its base to its monumental dome and minarets.
It was built as a tomb for Mumtaz Mahal, the favorite wife of Shajahan (1628-1658), the most prolific patron of the arts of all the Mughal emperors of India. Built after her unexpected death in 1631, it took 16 years to complete. The tomb and the platform upon which it sits are made of translucent marble decorated with understated patterns of inlaid stone (pietra dura) in slender arabesques combined with extensive Arabic texts from the Quran.
Security regulations placed on the camera crew at the Taj Mahal limited our use of digital cinema cameras to telephoto lenses. For closer shots, we used high-resolution still cameras adapted for use with motion picture lenses. These cameras are capable of shooting high definition video, allowing the crew to appear as tourists. After computer stabilization was added during post-production, we very closely mimicked the camera moves of the much more elaborate Steadicam rig.