9 reasons why India is one of the most diverse countries in the world
India – Unity in Diversity
is one of the most diverse lands found anywhere else in the world. From language to dressing-style, the country has been hailed as one of the most complex amalgamation of various cultural identities. The large number of different cultures, knitted together in such a close and perfect manner, makeIndia
’s diversity one of the wonders of the world.
In the cacophony of the debate between communalism and secularism we have forgotten a crucial element that binds all together- Our Diversity. It is time to put a lid on the infamous communal versus secular debate and celebrate the diversity our beloved country has to offer.
India is also known by the name of land of many religions.
It is the birthplace of four major religions- Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism.
It also has the second highest population of Muslims in the world, next only to Indonesia.
India also has the third largest Shia population in the world.
India is considered as the cradle of Ahmadiyya Islam. It is one of the very few countries in the world with at least One million Ahmadi Muslims.
Zoroastrianism and Judaism also have an ancient history in India, and each has several thousands of Indian adherents. India has the largest population of people adhering to Zoroastrianism (i.e. Parsis and Iranis) and Bahá’í Faith in the world, even though these religions are not native to India. Many other world religions also have a relationship with Indian spirituality, such as the Baha’i faith which recognises Buddha and Krishna as manifestations of the God Almighty.
According to Census of India-
Out of 1028 million population:
little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion;
138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam;
24 million (2.3%) are Christians,
19 million (1.9%) are Sikh,
8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and
4 million (0.4%) are Jain.
is one of the most multi-lingual places in the entire world:
has 22 officially recognized languages, in addition to 2,000 different dialects. There are about 1,635 languages being spoken across the length and breadth of the country.
According to a People’s Linguistic Survey of India, conducted over a duration of 4 years by 3,000 volunteers and staff of Bhasha Research & Publication Centre has concluded that close to 220 languages have disappeared in the last 50 years.
The big six languages – Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil and Urdu – are each spoken by more than 50 million people; 122 languages are each spoken by more than 10,000 people.
The varied culture of India has had an impact on the way Indians dress up. Clothing styles vary based upon region, religion, geography and climate.
From Saris to langots, India
’s diverse dressing-style is a proof enough of its diverse culture.
The history of clothing in the India dates back to 5th millennium BC during Indus Valley Civilisation. It was here that the first sign of spun and dyed cotton was discovered.
, Pheran is the most common men attire.
Rajasthan is famous for its colouful and lively dresses.
Conservative Kerala prefers to dress in white dhoti and Kurta.
Assam is famous for its Muga.
The Rajputs of Himachal Pradesh are known for their body-hugging sherwani and chudidaar pyjama, decorated with the famous Himachali cap.
Saree and dhoti are the main traditional dresses of India. In fact, there are close to 80 recorded ways to tie a saree.
The French cultural anthropologist and sari researcher Chantal Boulanger categorised sari drapes in the following families-
Nivi (Andhra Pradesh), Bengali and Oriya style, Maharashtrian/Konkani/Kashta style, Gujarati/Rajasthani style, Madisar, Kodagu style, Gobbe Seere, Gond, Malayali style, Tribal styles and Kunbi style or denthli.