Suggested reading: Today is the Birthday of President Abraham Lincoln: What is Common between the Holy Prophet Muhammad and Him and Video and Book Review: The Leadership of Muhammad by Prof. John Adair
The Truth Message – Part – 3.6
Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) doing Dawat-e-ilallah
Propagation of Islam: As said earlier, in the beginning, and until about three years, the Holy Prophet (saw) confined his message only to those who were his close associates.
Muslim is one who believes: “There is none worthy of worship except Allah, Muhammad (saw) is the messenger of Allah”
In Arabic: لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله
Transliteration: lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāh, muḥammadun rasūlu-llāh
The First Muslims:
The first to believe in him was his wife, Khadija, who accepted him as true without any hesitation.
Ali, who was at the time but ten years of age, & Zaid bin Haritha, the freedman of the Holy Prophet – both accepted it.
Hazrat Abu Bakr, who was his most intimate friend, believed in him without question & accepted him.
The fourth convert was Uthman, son of Affan, who succeeded Umar (ra) as Khalifa;
The fifth convert was Abdul Rahman, ten years younger than the Holy Prophet, a man of wealth & character.
Another notable Muslim of this period was Abdullah bin Masood who belonged to Hudhail. After becoming a Muslim he spent most of his time in the company of the Holy Prophet and so became a great scholar & jurist.
Abu Dhar Ghaffari a man of great piety & of simple habits who on meeting the Holy Prophet, embraced Islam.
The most outstanding was the slave Bilal bin Rabah, owned by Umayya bin Khalf, who became one of the best Muslim ever.
However at the beginning of the fourth year of his ministry, the Holy Prophet received the revelation
‘Declare openly that which thou art commanded to proclaim’ (15:95),
and shortly after was revealed the verse ‘Warn thy nearest kinsmen’ (26:215).
In compliance with these directives, the Holy Prophet ascended to a height & called every one of the tribes of Quraish by its name.
When they had collected together, he addressed them as follows:
‘O Quraish, were I to tell you that a large host has collected together on the other side of this height & is preparing to attack you, would you believe me?’
They responded: ‘Surely, we would believe you as we have always found you truthful.’
Upon this, he said: ‘Then listen; I warn you that God’s chastisement is approaching. Believe in God so that you may be safeguarded against it.’ Hearing this, they burst out laughing.
Abu Lahab said: ‘Ruin seizes thee. Didst thou call us only for this?’
They then went their way laughing & joking.
The Holy Prophet then directed Ali to have a meal prepared & to invite the descendants of Abdul Muttalib to partake of it, so that the occasion might be utilized for conveying the divine message to them. About forty persons responded to the invitation. At the end of the meal, the Holy Prophet wanted to say something but again Abu Lahab made some observation, which caused the guests to disperse.
Shortly after, the Holy Prophet directed Ali to prepare another meal & invited his relatives to it. On this occasion, he addressed them as follows:
‘Descendants of Abdul Muttalib, I call you to God. If you respond to my call, you will become the recipients of the best bounties of this life & the next. Which of you will be my helper in this enterprise?’ There was dead silence, when suddenly Ali stood up & said: though I am the weakest & the youngest of all those who are present here, I shall support you.’ None others accepted but laughed & left.
About this time the Holy Prophet felt the need of some place where the Muslims could gather together without hindrance, join together in divine worship & convey the message of Islam to whoever might come to them to learn about it. For this purpose, he chose the house of Arqam, an early convert to Islam. It was situation upon the gentle rise of Safa & Fronting the Ka’aba to the east – it became known among Muslims as the House of Islam. Many people embraced Islam in Arqam’s house including Umar bin Khattab, who later became the Second Successor of the Holy Prophet.
On one occasion, the Holy Prophet betook himself to the camp of Banu Aamir bin Sa’s’a. He preached the Unity of God to them & sought their support for Islam. They did not accept it.
In this manner, the Holy Prophet went round to different tribes, Banu Maharab, Fazarah, Ghassan, Marrah, Haneefah, Suldim, Abs, Kandah, Kalb, Harith, Azrah, Hadhramah & others, & called each of them to Islam, but they all rejected him.
Before the battle of Bu’ath, the Holy Prophet, during his rounds on the occasion of the pilgrimage, espied a group of people of Aus. The Holy Prophet invited them to Islam but they rejected.
After the Battle of Bu’ath, in Rajab of the eleventh year of prophethood, the Holy Prophet encountered another small group from Yathrab, who were of Khazraj. He invited them to Islam & recited some verses of the Holy Quran. When he had finished, they expressed their readiness to accept Islam, On their return home, Islam began to be preached in Yathrab. Islam spread so rapidly among Aus & Khazraj of Yathrab
Please continue reading the next chapter: Persecution of Early Muslims
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