Hong-Wu (also known by his given name Zhū Yuánzhāng) was the Emperor of China between 1368 – 1398 CE. He was the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, leading an Army that conquered the country and defeated away the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
Despite being a non-Muslim, Hong-Wu ordered the construction of several mosques in Nanjing, Yunnan, Guangdong and Fujian. He rebuilt the Jinjue Mosque in Nanjing and large numbers of Hui (Muslim Chinese) people moved to the city during his rule.
He had around 10 Muslim generals in his army, including Chang Yuchun, Lan Yu, Ding Dexing, Mu Ying, Feng Sheng and Hu Dahai. In addition, Hong-Wu’s spouse, Empress Ma, descended from a Muslim family while he was originally a member of a Muslim rebel group led by Guo Zhixin.
Emperor Hong-Wu wrote a 100 word eulogy praising Islam, Allah and the Prophet Muhammad which he had placed in the mosques which he ordered to be built.
The eulogy is in the form of a poem, each verse containing 4 words (characters) and 4 syllables. In the translation below I have strayed away from trying to keep the 4 word per verse translation in favour of a more literal translation which conveys the full meaning in flowing English.
The One-Hundred Word Eulogy:
It was recorded that “His Majesty ordered to have mosques built in Xijing and Nanjing [the capital cities], and in southern Yunnan, Fujian and Guangdong. His Majesty also personally wrote baizizan [a eulogy] in praise of the Prophet’s virtues.”
Chinese (with punctuation in paragraph form)
Since Creation of Universe
Heaven has already appointed,
Faith Preaching Giant Saint,
From West He’s Born,
To receive Holy Scripture,
With thirty part Book,
To guide all creations,
King of all Kings,
Leader of Holy Ones,
With Support from Divine,
To Protect His Nation,
With five daily prayers,
Silently hope for peace,
With heart toward Allah,
Empower the poor ones,
Save them from calamity,
See through the Unseen,
Pulling souls and spirits,
Away from all wrongdoings,
Mercy to the World,
Walking ancient Crowned Path,
Evil vanquished to One,
Religion Pure and True,
The Noble High One.
The Message: Mohammed: Messenger of God (A movie)
A good place for the non-Muslims to start learning about the Holy Prophet Muhammad is a movie named, the Message: Mohammed: Messenger of God, (1976) Rated PG.
منذ خلق الكون
وقد عين السماء بالفعل،
إيمان دعوة العملاق القديس،
من الغربية التي كانت ولادته،
في الحصول على الكتاب المقدس،
مع كتاب من30 جزء،
لتوجيه جميع المخلوقات،
ملك كل الملوك،
زعيم كل القديسين،
بدعم من الالهي،
مع خمس صلوات يوميا،
نأمل بصمت من أجل السلام،
مع القلب نحو الله،
تمكين الدول الفقيرة،
انقاذهم من كارثة،
نرى من خلال الغيب،
سحب النفوس والأرواح،
بعيدا عن كل الأخطاء،
المشي القديمة مسار المتوج،
المهزوم الشر لأحد،
الدين الصافي وصحيح،
واحد نوبل السامية.
- ^ Tan Ta Sen, Dasheng Chen (2000). Cheng Ho and Islam in Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 170. ISBN 981-230-837-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- ^ () The history of women’s mosques in Chinese Islam: a mosque of their own (illustrated ed.). Psychology Press. 2000. p. 77. ISBN 0-7007-1302-6. Retrieved December 20 2011. “For instance, in the early years of Emperor Hongwu’s reign in the Ming Dynasty ‘ His Majesty ordered to have mosques built in Xijing and Nanjing [the capital cities], and in southern Yunnan, Fujian and Guangdong. His Majesty also personally wrote baizizan [a eulogy] in praise of the Prophet’s virtues’. The Ming Emperor Xuanzong once issued imperial orders to build a mosque in Nanjing in response to Zheng He’s request (Liu Zhi, 1984 reprint: 358-374). Mosques built by imperial decree raised the social position of Islam, and assistance from upper-class Muslims helped to sustain religious sites in certain areas.”
- ^ http://www.zwbk.org/zh-tw/Lemma_Show/1026.aspx
- ^ http://www.islamhk.com/ICOI_2012/cn/13/Islam_in_China.pptx
- ^ http://tc.wangchao.net.cn/baike/detail_1718541.html
- ^ http://tc.wangchao.net.cn/baike/detail_744244.html
For more details about the picture with the Chinese alphabet:
Categories: Asia, China, Muhammad, Muhammad, Prophet Muhammad, Uncategorized
Wonderful. May the name of that king live long. This poem needs to be printed and distributed in Chinese homes who are now celebrating the year of the snake.
Alhamdulillah! Jazakmullah AhsenalJaza for sharing.
Very lovely tribute to the Holy Prophet of Islam. It is clear that the great Chinese emperor studied the life of the Holy Prophet very closely.
His admiration of the Prophet and building of of several mosques put him in pale of Islam even though there is no evidence of his formal acceptance. May Allah bless.
LOVE FOR ALL HATRED FOR NONE
Jazakmullah AhsenalJaza Alim sahib Allah bless you in all respect for this wonderful job which needs a lot of research to find such evidence from history
I see a great number of Chinese reciting Islamic creed very soon Inshallah.
The first few para of the poem indirectly reference to the light of Muhammad (nur muhammad) proving the ancient chinese king received traditional teaching of Islam. How wonderful to know that! amidst so many version of Islamic sects nowadays. Thank you for the quality posting.
Jazakallah for sharing such a beautifully written poem. Jazakallah to the researcher who found this poem and decided to share it with all of us. And of course, Jazakallah to the translator, without whom we wold never have been blessed to share the moments of reading about our blessed leader, Hazrath Muhammed Mustafa(SAWS).
Please keep up the excellent work of research and publishing!
I wonder if you could help me. I am writing a book on Prophet Muhammad: Non-Muslims appreciations and interfaith unity. I have collected appreciations of the prophet made by scholars, politicians, religious leaders etc. from other faiths. I would like to use a couple of quotes of the former Chinese Emperor Wu, Hong (the Emperor of China, 1368 – 1398). Chinese Emperor’s beautiful poem about the Holy Prophet Muhammad. Published in the The Muslim Times. Saturday, 23rd March, 2013.
Read more: http://www.themuslimtimes.org/2013/02/uncategorized/chinese-emperors-beautiful-poem-about-prophet-muhammad-sa#ixzz2OOG2lBTB. Source: Twitter: by Qasim Rashid: Written and translated by Sh. Musa Cerantonio
I am looking forward for your kind permission.
With best regards,
Dr. Mohammed Abul Lais
PG Dip CG, PhD, FRSA
National Career Research Award Winner
Principal & Career Consultant
Institute of Education & Careers Guidance
THis is fine. You could perhaps also trace the original source. I could not so you could put a qualifier on that. Do let us know of completion of your book. We would love to see it.
Many thanks for your kind and prompt response. You will be happy to learn that, so far I have collected 900 non-Muslim appreciations for Muhammad (Pbuh) and I am working for 1000 Insha-Allah.
Hello (Peace be upon you). Dr. Lais… Please send your book to my Gmail about Prophet Muhammad.