How Muslim League lost Gurdaspur (Qadian) Despite Jinnah’s and Sir Zafarullah’s efforts?

By Patrick French in Liberty or Death(excerpts)

French writes:
Given that Amritsar could not become part of Pakistan, the adjoining district of Gurdapur (which was only 51 per cent Muslim) should also stay out of Pakistan so as to give Amritsar some geographical protection.

If Gurdaspur did go to Pakistan, the thousand square miles of Amritsar district would be cut off and left as a lone Sikh island, floating in a hostile Muslim sea. On all sides Amritsar would be bounded by Pakistani ground, except on its south-eastern flank, where it would border a Princely State called Kapurthala. This small kingdom was inhabited by a Muslim majority, although its ruler was a Sikh, and it would in practice have cut off Amritsar Sikhs from their co-religionists to the east.

On paper the question of Gurdaspur and Amritsar looked like a minor point, but it was to prove a focus of the start of the massacres of August 1947. On any neutral assessment, it was clear that Gurdaspur and Amritsar  would have to be treated as if they were one unit, whether they became part of India or of Pakistan. . . 

Six days after the despatch of Wavell’s telegram[on 7 February 1946],a junior clerk at the India Office drew three primitive sketch maps on the basis of the information that the Viceroy had provided. Significantly, Gurdaspur district was marked as being part of the potential Pakistan, although there is no written explanation for this decision, and in all other respects Wavell’s advice was followed to the letter.




8 replies

  1. Muslims didn’t lost Qadian. Muslims still are part of Qadian, there are thousands of Muslims who live in Qadian side by side with neighbors of other faith. Just like Muslims used to live in Mecca or Madina during lifetime of Rasul Allah(s.a.s.). Muslims have full liberty to organize their annual conventions and are free to practice their religion without fear. Correct me if i am wrong.

    Lastly, it is better live in present world realities than to let the past haunt our present and future.

  2. I would support Mr. Azimul Haque’s point and change the title to how Pakistan lost Qadian.

    However, the creation of Pakistan was very much supported by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community regardless of the consequences that Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II Musleh Maood foresaw and that haunt us today.

  3. I agree Shamim sahib. The title should read more like how Muslim league lost Gurdaspur as Sir Zafarullah was appointed by Jinnah to represent the League’s case in the Redcliff Boundary Commission. Ahmadiyya Muslims were deeply interested in this case since Sikhs and Muslims formed equal parts of the population. Ahmadiyya Muslims were asked on whose side were they on and they opted to be counted in Muslims. That gave a majority to Muslims according to which the Commission should have given Gurdaspur to Pakistan. This did not happen due to above facts described in the article. Also if Pakistan had Gurdaspur it would not have allowed India to send its army into Kashmir since that was the only physical access to Kashmir valley from Indian side. This tension in addition to Mountbatten’s a hasty annoucement of British withdrawl led to one of the biggest killing spree in the 20th century. More Muslims were killed in that mass killings as history tells us. Knowing history and getting facts right is critical as that allows us learn lessons and not to repeat the same mistakes. The article also serves to confirm the heroic services of Sir Zafarullah for Muslim League which is denied in Pakistan today. Instead of recognizing his brilliant defence of the Muslim leage stand in the boundary commission he is, along with entire AHmadiyya Muslims in Pakistan, blamed to have conspired to give Gurdaspur to India, which is of course completely wrong. So this article is aimed at Pakistnai audience. Our Indian brothers can rest easy and yes I agree that Muslims still live in India, though it would be good to read the latest article by Amartya Sen on the shocking injutices in India that minorities are subjected to and also good to see Sachar report that describes fully the condition of Muslims in present day India.

  4. Allah knows what is best for His servants, He is the best Planner. If Qadian would have been in present day Pakistan, think of what the “constitutional muslims” would have done to the “constitutional non muslims” graves, God forbid! Similarly Hazrat Isa AS’s tomb is safe in Srinagar, Indian Kashmir for the future generations when they will realize that the Promised Messiah AS was right: Jesus died a natural death & is not coming back.

    • Najma A. your comment is spilling out shreds of truth I’m afraid, which is pretty much harmful for your sect and community as TRUTH banishes what is FALSE and UNTRUE and you won’t want your faith, community and your values BANISHED, as it is evident from your comment what the true intentions and aspirations of the so called Qadiyanis in regards to the partition of Gurdaspur were. Secondly, if u have 1% belief in Quran, as you and your community claims, then the matter of ISA AS should have been settled as “There is no one more TRUTHFUL than Allah” and Allah has clearly mentioned in Quran that ISA AS did not die rather it was a lookalike who was crucified.

  5. @ Arshad K. Taseer and Anonymous, Could you kindly just read the verse of the Holy Quran where it s stated by Allah Subhan o Ta’alah regarding Hazrat Issa’s (peace and blessings be on him) death and where it is stated about look-alike btw.
    I’m not here to debate, just a mere request to just read with clear thought.May Allah guide us all. Ameen.

  6. An-Nisa, verse 157:

    “That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:-.”

    An-Nisa, verse 158:

    “Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.”

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