List of Muslim Nobel Laureates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Nobel Prize

‘The Norwegian Nobel Institute’ assists the Norwegian Nobel Committee in selecting Nobel Peace laureates and to organise the annual Nobel event in Oslo.

The Nobel Prize (Swedish pronunciation: [noˈbɛl], Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset, Norwegian: Nobelprisen) is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel established the prizes in 1895.
The prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace were first awarded in 1901.[1] An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969.[2][3] The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway, while the other prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden. The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award available in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace and economics.[4]
As of 2011, ten winners of the Nobel Prize have been Muslims. Half of the 10 Muslim Nobel laureates were awarded the prize in the 21st century. Six of the 10 winners were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.



Year image Laureate Country and profession Rationale comment
1978 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Anwar al-Sadat(25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) Egypt Egyptian policymaker He, along with Menachem Begin was awarded 1978 Nobel Peace Prize “for their contribution to the two frame agreements on peace in the Middle East, and on peace between Egypt and Israel, which were signed at Camp David on September 17, 1978”.[5] The first Muslim to receive a Nobel Prize.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12]
1994 ArafatEconomicForum.jpg Yasser Arafat(24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004) Palestinian territoriesPalestinian politician The 1994 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin “for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”.[13][14] The first Muslim Palestinian to receive a Nobel Prize.[6][15][16][17][18]
2003 Shirinebadi001.jpg Shirin Ebadi(born 21 June 1947) IranIranian Human Rights Activist The 2003 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Ebadi “for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children”.[19] The first and only Iranian to receive a Nobel Prize. She was also the first Muslim woman to receive such an honor.[6][20][21][22][23]
2005 Mohamed ElBaradei, Davos 1.jpg Mohamed El Baradei(born June 17, 1942) EgyptEgyptian policymaker The 2005 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly awarded to El Baradei and IAEA “for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way”.[24][25] He was the second Egyptian to be awarded Nobel Peace Prize (2005).[6][26][27][28][29]
2006 Muhammad Yunus - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg Muhammad Yunus(born 28 June 1940) BangladeshBangladeshi economist and founding father of Grameen Bank. The 2006 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly awarded to Yunus and Grameen Bank “for their efforts to create economic and social development from below”.[30] The first and only Bengali Muslim to receive such an honor. He is also the only Bangladeshi and overall the third Bengali to win such an award.[6][31][32][33][34][35][36]
2011 Tawakkol Karman.jpg Tawakel Karman(born 7 February 1979) YemenHuman rights activist based in Yemen. A prominent leader in the Arab Spring. The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize was jointly given to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Karman “for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”.[37] The first Arab woman and first and only Yemeni to receive a Nobel Prize. She is also the youngest Nobel Peace Laureate .[38][39][40][41][42]


Year image Laureate Country and profession Rationale comment
1988 Necip Mahfuz.jpg Naguib Mahfouz
(11 December 1911 – 30 August 2006)
EgyptEgyptian author, noted for his contribution to modern Arabic literature The 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature was given to Naguib Mahfouz “who, through works rich in nuance – now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous – has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind”.[43][44] The first Muslim author to receive such a prize.[6][45][46]
2006 Pamuk.jpg Orhan Pamuk(born 7 June 1952) TurkeyTurkish author famous for his books My Name is Red and Snow The 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Orhan Pamuk “who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures”.[47][48] The first and only Turk to receive the Nobel Prize.[6][49][50][51]



Year image Laureate Country and profession Rationale comment
1979 Abdus Salam 2.jpg Abdus Salam
(29 January 1926 – 21 November 1996)
PakistanPakistani physicist The 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Sheldon Lee Glashow, Salam, and Steven Weinberg “for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current”.[52] He is the first and only Pakistani to receive the award. He is also the first Muslim scientist and only physicist to be awarded the Nobel Prize.[53][54][55]


Year image Laureate Country and profession Rationale comment
1999 Zowel.jpg Ahmed Zewail
(born February 26, 1946)
Egypt EgyptianAmerican scientist The 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Ahmed Zewail “for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy”.[56] He is the only Muslim chemist to date to be awarded the Nobel Prize and the second Muslim scientist.[6][57][58][59][60]

Further reading




  • Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam – The First Muslim Nobel Scientist. by Gordon Fraser [74],ISBN-10: 0199697124 & ISBN-13: 978-0199697120.[66]


  • Sadat, Anwar (1978). In Search of Identity: An Autobiography. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-013742-8., ISBN-13:978-0060137427.[72]

See also


The year of receiving Nobel Prize is given after each Nobel Laureate in this article. For verification of candidacy of above listed Nobel Laureates, please go to,[73] and search the corresponding year of reception of Nobel Prize in the respective field.

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    An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969
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  4. ^ Shalev, Baruch Aba (2005). p. 8.
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    Sadat’s famous slogan, “I am a Muslim president of a Muslim state” ’
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    The Pope must understand that I am a Muslim President of a Muslim State
    Source:‘The exact words of Sadat in Arabic are: “إن البابا يجب أن يعلم أنني رئيس مسلم لدولة مسلمة.” These words Mohamed Hassanein Heikal translates in his book, Autumn of Fury, as, “The Pope must understand that I am the Muslim President of a Muslim country.” [Mohamed Heikal, Autumn of Fury, the Assassination of Sadat (London; Corgi Book; 1984); p. 228] This is not an accurate translation. The words should be translated as in the text of my article with an emphasis on the words “a Muslim State”, that is Egypt.’
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    Sadat was a devout Muslim from his early days, benefiting from an Islamic education
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    “a Sunni Muslim”.
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  20. ^ [19]“Nobel Peace Prize winner promotes her new book ‘The Golden Cage’”,by Jasmine Gould,‘Connect2Mason’,dated April 26, 2011, retrieved April 4, 2012.
    The first Iranian and Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize for her work in human rights
  21. ^ [20]“Shirin Ebadi – Iran 2003”,‘Meet the Laureates’, Nobel Women’s Initiative,accessed April 4, 2012.
    She is the first Muslim woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize
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    For some, Ms. Ebadi is a source of inspiration and pride,as she is the first Muslim woman and only Iranian to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
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    ElBaradei, who describes himself as having a Muslim background, sometimes cites his favorite Christian prayer when speaking of his role on the world stage.

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  28. ^ [27]“Muslim Contribution to World Peace” by Minhaj Qidwai, accessed March 21, 2012.
    Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize Mohamed ElBaradei an Egyptian Muslim can be a role Model for all those who want to contribute towards peace and prosperity in the modern world.
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    I am an Egyptian Muslim
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    a Bengali and a Muslim
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    he is a Muslim
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  34. ^ [33]‘Muhammad Yunus’, NNDB,retrieved April 5, 2012.‘Muslim’
  35. ^ [34]“Microcredit pioneer wins Nobel Peace Prize — and puts Episcopalian- and Anglican combatants to shame”,The Questioning Christian,dated October 13, 2006, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  36. ^ [35], Microfinance and Islamic Finance– A Perfect Match by Dr. Linda Eagle, accessed March 24, 2012.
    A Muslim Bangladeshi economist and economics professor
  37. ^ [36]“The Nobel Peace Prize 2011”, Nobel Foundation,retrieved March 24, 2012.
  38. ^ [37] Democracy Now! article on Tawakel Karman, “Yemeni Activist Tawakkul Karman, First Female Arab Nobel Peace Laureate: A Nod for Arab Spring”, dated October 7, 2011, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  39. ^ [38]“Tawakul Karman, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Talks the Talk and Walks the Walk” by ‘Sahar Taman’, The Huffington Post, published October 8, 2011, retrieved April 7, 2012.
    a Yemeni Muslim woman
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    She is a co-recipient of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the first Yemeni, the first Arab woman, and the second Muslim woman to win a Nobel Prize and the youngest Nobel Peace Laureate to date.
  42. ^ [41] “Tawakkul Karman is the first arab woman and the youngest Nobel Peace Laureate in hijab”, ‘Haute Hijab’, December 20, 2011, accessed March 21, 2012.
    Tawakkul Karman, a Muslim, was the first Arab woman and youngest person awarded the Nobel Peace Laureate
  43. ^ [42]“The Nobel Prize in Literature 1988”, Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
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  45. ^ [44]Naguib Mahfouz’s Socialistic Sufism: An Intellectual Journey from the Wafd to Islamic Mysticism”, Yagi, Kumiko, Ph.D. Harvard University, 2001. 235 pages. Adviser: Graham, William A. Publication Number: AAT 3028463, accessed March 24, 2012.
  46. ^ [45]“Naguib Mahfouz – The Son of Two Civilizations” by ‘Anders Hallengren’,article on Naguib Mahfouz, Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
    “a pious moslem believer”
  47. ^ [46] “The Nobel Prize in Literature 2006”, Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  48. ^ [47]‘Orhan Pamuk-Autobiography’, Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  49. ^ [48]Orhan Pamuk, Nobel Laureate, in Conversation with Reza Aslan”, Levantine Cultural Center, posted October 16, 2009, accessed March 21, 2012.
  50. ^ [49]Orhan Pamuk: Incompatibility of Islam and Democracy Has Been Disproven”,‘Islam Today’,dated March 30, 2011, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  51. ^ [50]Do you consider yourself a Muslim? ”,
    “Orhan Pamuk and the Turkish Paradox”, Spiegel Online, dated December 21, 2005, retrieved March 21, 2012.

    “I consider myself a person who comes from a Muslim culture. In any case, I would not say that I’m an atheist. So I’m a Muslim who associates historical and cultural identification with this religion. I do not believe in a personal connection to God; that’s where it gets transcendental. I identify with my culture, but I am happy to be living on a tolerant, intellectual island where I can deal with Dostoyevsky and Sartre, both great influences for me.”
  52. ^ [51]“The Nobel Prize in Physics 1979”, Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  53. ^ [52]“Abdus Salam-Biography”, Nobel Foundation,retrieved April 5, 2012.
    “Abdus Salam is known to be a devout Muslim, whose religion does not occupy a separate compartment of his life; it is inseparable from his work and family life. He once wrote: ‘The Holy Quran enjoins us to reflect on the verities of Allah’s created laws of nature; however, that our generation has been privileged to glimpse a part of His design is a bounty and a grace for which I render thanks with a humble heart.’”,
    Primary Source:The biography was written by Miriam Lewis, now at IAEA, Vienna, who was at one time on the staff of ICTP (International Centre For Theoretical Physics, Trieste).
  54. ^ [53] Google Books,Ghani, Abdul (1982). Abdus Salam: a Nobel laureate from a Muslim country : a biographical sketch, Publisher-Maʻaref Printers, Karachi.. p. i-xi.,retrieved April 8, 2012.
  55. ^ [54] Biography of Professor Abdus Salam. – Muslim Physicist, The World Biography article, accessed March 24, 2012.
  56. ^ [55]“The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1999”, Nobel Foundation, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  57. ^ [56] MuslimNobel Prize Winner Ahmed Hassan Zewail” by Bernie, ‘Planck’s constant’, accessed March 24, 2012.
  58. ^ [57] Ahmed Zewail‘s caltech site.
  59. ^ [58] Science in the Islamic world: an interview with Nobel Laureate Ahmed Zewail, The Fountain Magazine,Issue 67, January–February 2009, retrieved March 21, 2012.
    I’m very proud of the value system that I was given by my family and the way I grew up as a Muslim in Egypt.
  60. ^ [59]“The West and Islam need not be in conflict” by ‘Ahmed Zewail’, The Independent,October 24, 2006,retrieved April 11, 2012.
    The author is the only Arab Muslim to receive the Nobel Prize in science, 1999
  61. ^ [60]Mysticism in Contemporary Islamic Political Thought by John von Heyking, University of Lethbridge,Volume XIX, Nos. 1 and 2, 2006, Humanitas accessed April 5, 2012.
  62. ^ [61][62]New Literary History,Vol.34,No.1,Inquiries into ethics and narratives(Winter 2003),pp. 75-90, retrieved April 5, 2012.
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  65. ^ [65] Orhan Pamuk and the Politics of Turkish Identity: From Islam to Istanbul [Paperback],retrieved April 5, 2012.
  66. ^ [66]Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam – The First Muslim Nobel Scientist” by Gordon Fraser, Oxford University Press, retrieved March 24, 2012.
  67. ^ [67] Yasser Arafat biography, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  68. ^ [68] Google BooksAnwar Sadat:visionary who dared, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  69. ^ [69] Shirin Ebadi‘s autobiographical book, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  70. ^ [70] Ahmed Zewail Autobiography, Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  71. ^ [71] Autobiography of Muhammad Yunus, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  72. ^ [72] Anwar El Sadat: In Search of Identity an Autobiography, retrieved April 6, 2012.
  73. ^ [73] All Nobel Laureates, Nobel Foundation, retrieved April 6, 2012.

External links

  • [75] “Muslim Nobel Prize Winners”, ‘BZNotes’, accessed March 21, 2012.
  • [76] “Muslim Nobel Prize Winners”, Scribd, accessed March 21, 2012.
  • [77] “Nobel Laureates and the Muslim World” by Saleem H. Ali, Newsvine, February 14, 2010, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  • [78] “Nobel laureates of the Islamic world” – S Iftikhar Murshed, The News International, April 3, 2011, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  • [79] “Professor Abdus Salam”, accessed April 4, 2012.
  • [80] “No Nobels for the Muslim World” by Aziz Akhmad, The Express Tribune, published October 6, 2011, retrieved March 19, 2012.
  • [81] “Muslim Nobel laureates: Muslim economist, writer win Nobel prizes”,accessed March 24, 2012.
  • [82] “Abdus Salam, ‘First Muslim Nobel Laureate’”, ‘The Culture Trip’, accessed March 21, 2012.
Abdus Salam was a theoretical physicist who became the first Pakistani and the first Muslim to be awarded the Nobel Prize in the sciences.”
  • [83] “Dr. Abdus Salam: Nobel Laureate in Physics”,accessed April 4, 2012.
  • [84]Tawakul Karman speaks: Islam Supports Democracy”, ‘Onislam’, December 10, 2011, accessed March 21, 2012.
  • [85] “A Muslim woman’s place is in society: Nobel Laureate”, France 24, dated November 2, 2009, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  • [86] “Nobel Prize reflects women’s struggle in the Muslim world”, retrieved March 19, 2012.
  • [87] “Nobel Peace Prize Winner Tawakkul Karman Profile: The Mother of Yemen’s revolution”, The Huffington Post, dated October 7, 2011, retrieved March 19, 2012.
  • [88] “Dear ‘World Community’: You Are Not Our Equals” by William A. Levinson, American Thinker, May 31, 2011, retrieved March 21, 2012.
  • [89]Nobel Prize winner highlights women’s role in Arab Spring”,‘The Michigan Daily’,Published November 15, 2011, retrieved April 4, 2012.
  • [90]Nobel Peace Prize Winner Tawakul Karman: Islam No Threat to Democracy”,reprinted ‘Positive Islam’, dated December 12, 2011, 1st printed Reuters[91] December 9, 2011, accessed April 4, 2012.
  • [92]“The Nobel Prize – Muslim Winners”,by Sadaqat,accessed April 4, 2012.
  • [93]“Women Nobel Peace Laureates Congratulate Three New Women Laureates”, Nobel Women’s Initiative,dated October 7, 2011, retrieved April 4, 2012.
Karman joins Shirin Ebadi, who won the Nobel Peace prize in 2003 for her work to bring equal rights to women in Iran, as the second Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace prize.
“As a Muslim woman, I am well aware of the difficult and severe conditions of your work and struggle,” said Ebadi in her letter today to Karman. Karman receives frequent death threats, and was thrown in jail last January. “I admire your tremendous work and courage. This victory will certainly inspire and reassure the million of Muslim women who suffer from discrimination and who fight for equality of rights between men and women—and also sends a message to countries going through the Arab Spring that true democracy will only be achieved if women also receive equal rights.”
It is not Islam or poverty that succours terrorism, but the failure to be heard
  • [98]Muhammad Yunus addresses Islamic finance forum ” by Talal Malik,‘Arabian Business’,dated April 13, 2008, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  • [99]Anwar Sadat’,,retrieved April 5, 2012.
  • [100]“Thirty years later, Sadat’s widow still hopes for peace”, CNN,dated March 26, 2009, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  • [101]“The Tragedy of Muslim Civilization” by Aftab Zaidi,Nirmukta,November 13, 2011, retrieved April 5, 2012.
  • [102]Naguib Mahfouz and modern ‘Islamic identity’” by ‘Mehnaz Mona Afridi’, UNISA,November 2008,retrieved April 7, 2012.
How closely have the changes and developments detailed in Mahfouz’s descriptions of ordinary Egyptian lives paralleled what the world has witnessed as ageneral growing “Islamization” of the Muslim world? In my research,I have found that other Muslim writers,such as Leila Ahmed (Egypt), Mohsin Hamid (Pakistan/India), and Orhan Pamuk (Turkey) have also observed and commented on the Islamization of the culture.


Categories: Europe, ISLAM

6 replies

  1. Since you are in Europe, you perhaps did not read that 14% of republicans, under the influence of right wing propaganda, believe or at least believed until recently that Obama is a Muslim, despite his repeated denials. Half of the USA population also believes that the world is 6000 years old and a small portion also believes that earth is flat.

    That is the joke!

    • The problem is that Americans (well, not only Americans, but ‘the normal population in general’) are so used to be lied to by politicians, when they say the truth (for a change) they are not believed.

  2. Good task. I was at first surprised to see a “list” of Muslim Nobel prize winner. Although a few of them I heard and read from different information sources but never thought it could be enough to make a list.
    But nice to see it really exists. Though a short one but let’s hope it gets longer every day.Amen

    And may Ahamdi Muslims supersede all.Amen

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