Written and collected by Zia H Shah MD, Chief Editor of the Muslim Times
Every agnostic or atheist has to deny accountability and hereafter by definition.
If our universe is an accident and that is your world view then Hawking is right. But, if you are amazed at the beauty and organization of our universe as Albert Einstein was, then Hawking is plain wrong for you. In this article, I present, some of the verses of the Holy Quran, arguing the case for hereafter and additional are added in the comment section. In the following verse, Allah cites gravity and planetary motion as a pointer, towards His creativity and eventual hereafter:
Allah is He Who raised up the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then He settled Himself on the Throne. And He pressed the sun and the moon into service: each pursues its course until an appointed term. He regulates it all. He clearly explains the Signs, that you may have a firm belief in the meeting with your Lord. (Al Quran 13:3)
The Quran offers only one line of reasoning for the second creation, namely the first creation. Allah argues that one who has created this complex and awe inspiring universe and all the life forms on our planet earth, should be able to recreate human life and of course the individual humans.
The Holy Quran discusses reincarnation in greater detail in the following verses in the chapter Yasin, adding the domain of biology to that of astronomy as the argument is built further, from the first creation:
Does not man see that We have created him from a mere sperm-drop? Yet lo! he is an open quarreler! And he coins similitudes for Us and forgets his own creation. He says, ‘Who can quicken the bones when they are decayed?’ Say, ‘He, Who created them the first time, will quicken them; and He knows every kind of creation full well. He Who produces for you fire out of the green tree, and behold, you kindle from it. Has not He Who created the heavens and the earth the power to create the like of them?’ Yea, and He is indeed the Supreme Creator, the All-Knowing. Indeed, His command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, ‘Be!,’ and it is. So Holy is He, in Whose hand is the kingdom of all things. And to Him will you all be brought back. (Al Quran 36:78-84)
Several additional verses with similar emphasis are quoted in the comment section and these sum up my case for hereafter and human accountability.
Below I link a few articles to argue that our universe is not an accident and demands a Transcendent Creator.
After that I link a video debate about life after death. Enjoy!
Additional Reading and reviewing
Two atheists debating two Rabbis about life after death
The debate is titled: Is There An Afterlife? Debate w/ Christopher Hitchens:
There are several good insights in this debate, but the most unfortunate one is that not only the atheists but also the Rabbis claim that religion is man-made. This, God forbid, changes all the Jewish prophets into a fraud, even though in the debate they do not force this natural outcome of such claims. They try to put their claims with a positive spin that religion after all is a human pursuit like science, but, they fail to note that whereas science historically, at its best, has been a pursuit of truth, but, if religion is man-made then even at its best it becomes a pursuit in make belief and at its worst a blatant fraud!
In this day and age we not only have to defend Islam but essentially end up defending the original Judaism and Christianity as well. The Holy Quran paints Patriarch Abraham in very bright colors in several different chapters. Here is one example:
Abraham was indeed a paragon of virtue, obedient to Allah, ever inclined to Him, and he was not of those who set up equals to God; Grateful for His favours; He chose him and guided him to a straight path. And We bestowed on him good in this world, and in the Hereafter he will surely be among the righteous. And now We have revealed to thee, saying, ‘Follow the way of Abraham who was ever inclined to God and was not of those who set up equals to Him.’ (Al Quran 16:121-124)