Islamic views on evolution are diverse, ranging from theistic evolution to Old Earth creationism. Most Muslims around the world believe “humans and other living things have evolved over time,” yet some others believe they have “always existed in present form.” Muslim thinkers have proposed and accepted elements of the theory of evolution, some holding the belief of the supremacy of God in the process. One modern scholar, Usaama al-Azami, suggested that both narratives of creation and of evolution, as understood by modern science, may be believed by modern Muslims as addressing two different kinds of truth, the revealed and the empirical.
Unlike the Bible, the story of creation in the Qur’an is not told in one chapter, but rather can be pieced together from verses all over the book.
Creation of the universe
According to Professor Christine Huda Dodge, the first chronological mention of creation in the Qur’an is in Sūrat al-Anbiyāʼ, which hints that the universe was “joined together as one unit, before We clove them asunder.” After this, Allah demanded the planets and stars to form and reshape themselves according to the destinies that were set up for each body, “He Who created… the sun and the moon; all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its rounded course.” Further, some scholars such as Faheem Ashraf of the Islamic Research Foundation International, Inc. and Sheikh Omar Suleiman of the Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research argue that the scientific theory of an expanding universe is described in Sūrat adh-Dhāriyāt:
And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are [its] expander.