The attack happened at around 9.30pm in the Alt-Treptow neighbourhood, police report.
According to the 21-year-old victim, three men of Arabic appearance reacted to his kippah – a religious cap worn by Jewish men – and then started to insult him.
The men then went on to kick and punch him before running away from the scene.
The young man was lightly injured but did not need to go to hospital.
Instances of anti-Semitic crime are on the rise in Berlin, as are hate crimes of various forms, according to a report published in March.
Hate crime monitoring groups ReachOut and Berliner Register reported at the time that there were 320 incidents of attacks motivated by anti-Semitism, racism, or homophobia in 2015, up from 179 in 2014.
Twenty-five of the attacks last year were connected to anti-Semitism, compared to 18 the year before.
Most victims of anti-Semitic crime are wearing kippahs at the time of the attack, Tagesspiegel reports.