- No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Source: The Guardian
By Rowena Mason
Sir Malcolm Rifkind, chair of intelligence and security committee, says he will investigate allegations ‘without fear of favour’
Tony Blair and his former foreign secretary Jack Straw could be summoned before a parliamentary inquiry in an attempt to determine the extent of any British involvement in torture of terror suspects.
The two senior figures from the last Labour government may be asked to give evidence to the intelligence and security committee (ISC) in the wake of the publication of a US Senate report confirming that the CIA used brutal and ineffective methods after 9/11.
However, pressure is growing on the government to announce a separate, judge-led inquiry, amid concerns that the ISC is too closely associated with the Westminster establishment.
Sir Malcolm Rifkind, the ISC chairman and a Conservative former foreign secretary, said on Sunday he would investigate “without fear or favour” regardless of whether it might embarrass the security services, ministers or Whitehall.
He said his committee would not shy away from saying that the evidence pointed towards the possibility of prosecutions if it thought that was appropriate.
Asked on the BBC’s Andrew Marr Show whether senior figures from the last government such as Blair and Straw could be asked to give evidence, Rifkind replied: “Certainly we would request any former minister or serving minister who has a contribution to make to our inquiries, to give evidence. If they refuse to do so that itself would imply they had something to hide. So we’ll have to wait and see what happens.”
He said no decisions had yet been taken about who would be called as witnesses. It was reported over the weekend that Straw was questioned by police as a witness in 2012 over allegations that British MI6 agents were involved in the renditions of Libyans back to the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, where they were subsequently mistreated. The police inquiries are expected to conclude within the next few months, enabling the ISC to start investigating the allegations as its top priority.
As the ISC struggles to defend its credibility as the right body to investigate, Rifkind also promised on Sunday that he would ask the US Senate intelligence committee to hand over secret material redacted from their report at the request of the UK.
Despite Rifkind’s reassurances, senior politicians from across the parties – including the Tory former cabinet ministers Dominic Grieve and Andrew Mitchell – have now backed calls for an independent judge-led inquiry into British involvement in torture after the police investigations have finished. Even the shadow home secretary, Yvette Cooper, has said her instinct is that an independent inquiry is needed, despite the fact that it would examine events that took place under the last Labour government.
Critics fear that the ISC is compromised by the facts that it is largely composed of establishment figures, that its meetings are mainly conducted in secret and that its reports are subject to redactions by the government. It will not compel witnesses to give evidence, and those who do so are not speaking under oath.
One of the ISC’s biggest critics is Norman Baker, the Lib Dem former Home Office minister, who said it had “not really delivered the goods” in the past. He said the investigation needed to get to the bottom of the scandal before the UK considered renewing its contract with the US for the lease of the Diego Garcia airbase, which has been used at least twice for the rendition of terror suspects.
On Monday Theresa May, the home secretary, will face questioning about the extent of her contact with the Senate committee and whether she personally lobbied for any redactions. There have been more than 20 meetings between the committee and UK government representatives, fuelling speculation about a campaign to keep mention of UK agencies out of the final report.