Freedom of conscience cannot be denied under Islam and ijmah cannot be enforced on an individual
The great thing about being at Harvard is that not only can you find any book from any period in Islamic history but you can interact with scholars who have spent their entire lives studying in minutest detail the law of Islam i.e. Sharia Canon. On Friday I had the opportunity of meeting a true scholar of medieval Islamic law who has dug deep into the archives and is an authority on the subject. I placed before him the text of the 2nd Constitutional Amendment to the Pakistani Constitution that declares Ahmadi Non-Muslims and asked him whether such an amendment can be sustained in the eyes of Islamic law. His answer was that while there is a consensus amongst the Ahle-Sunnah that there would be no prophets after the Holy Prophet (PBUH), by the same token classical Islamic jurisprudence does not allow for takfir on the basis of mere denial of a consensus by the community. He then suggested that I should obtain a translation of Iqtisad-fil-Itiqad, the classic written by Imam Al Ghazali on the issue of belief and disbelief in the 11th century.
READ MORE HERE AT THE DAILY TIMES:
Pakistan’s decision to declare Ahmadis Non-Muslims in 1974 does not only rebel against common sense but is a violation of time honoured Islamic legal tradition which does not allow takfir simply on the basis of Ijma-ul-Ummah