Religious extremism is no new thing

Nov 23,2017 JORDAN TIMES –

What drives people to extremes? Why do the people behind Wahhabism, Al Qaeda or Daesh get so charged up and angry?

Perhaps to understand, we should go back to the 16th century in Europe and the furious debate about the “divine right of kings”.

For decades, the royal houses of Europe were becoming less accessible to their subjects. William of Orange, ruler of the powerful Netherlands, said he had “received his power from God and God alone”.

Philip II of Spain was also a principal protagonist of this theme. Indeed, when Spain conquered Holland, Philip tried to squash the new Protestant “heresy”, using the brutal practices of the Spanish Inquisition.

It is no wonder that the Dutch were ready for a bloody revolt. They would no longer accept the prerogatives of rulers who claimed a “divine right”.

In 1581, the Dutch withdrew their allegiance from Philip II. Accountability of a ruler to his subjects, not to his God, was the new dispensation.

Meanwhile, England, under the rule of Elizabeth I and James I, continued to believe in the divine right of the monarch. Only when James’ son, Charles I, came to the throne was the belief overturned.

Parliament raised an army. Seven years of war was followed by the king’s trial, conviction and execution in 1649.

Poet John Milton wrote at the time: “All men naturally were born free.”

John Locke wrote 40 years later that “the very objective of government is setting up a known authority to which everyone of that society may appeal upon any injury received…. The legislative power should be placed in collective bodies of men, call them senate, parliament, or what you please”.

From then on, over the course of two centuries, very much influenced by Locke and other Enlightenment thinkers, a constitutional form of government was slowly built across much of Europe. However, it was the United States that first became a full democracy, with separation of church and state.

But despite the great advance from the days of “divine rule”, parliaments and governments regularly failed the people.

Parliaments were often dominated, or at least greatly influenced, by those with inherited titles, people with money, the army and even criminal gangs.

Much of the struggle against the divine right of kings and the corrupt policies of the Pope in Rome led Martin Luther in 1517 to nail his handbill to the doors of a church in northern Germany.

Faith in God, not in Pope or king, was the only way to gain heavenly salvation, he preached.

No wonder that Philip II savagely repressed the profession and declarations of Protestant faith in Holland.

It was in Holland that some Protestants became extremists.

In the late 1560s Protestant iconoclasts went into the Catholic churches and destroyed the statues of Mary and the saints. They also destroyed any manifestation of the wealth and riches that the church had been extorting for so long.

Their anger was such that we would call them today “violent, religious extremists”.

Sarah Chayes points out in her excellent new book “Thieves of state”: “We can see parallels between the 16th century struggles in Europe against the kings and Catholic Church and the religious militancy of Al Qaeda and Daesh. The resemblance between the language used to explain their violence and that of the earlier Protestant insurrectionists castigating the acute corruption of the Catholic Church and its royalist allies [with their belief in the divine right of kings] is unmistakable.”

SOURCE:   http://jordantimes.com/opinion/jonathan-power/religious-extremism-no-new-thing

Categories: The Muslim Times

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3 replies

  1. THE EXTREMIST HAVE EXIST SINCE GOD EXPELED EVIL FROM PERADISE TO ON EARTH.

    As God say in Bible and Quran:
    1. The wise men of knowledge have brought society to prosperity and peace, to Radical clerics, to bring destruction and calamity to their followers and to the people.

    2. The radical clerics (Muslims, Christians, Jews, Hindus, Buddha ) deceive their friends, and dry up their followers into sensual and humiliating lives, seeking ways to harm others, even the word hurt / slander.
    3. And do not incline to those who do wrong / oppressors that cause you to be touched by the fires of hell.Q.11; 113.

    4. And indeed most (from radical intolerant clerics) really want to mislead (others) with their lust without knowledge. Lo! Thy Lord, He is the one who knows the transgressors. QS.6: 119.

    5. And so We have set in every country the greatest villains in order that they may commit the deceit of the land. And they do not deceive but themselves, and they do not realize it. Q.6: (123)

    When Muslims are in the Minority they are concerned the right of minority, but when they are in the majority, there is no the Minority’s Right. ( Extremist ideology).

    Muslims who follow violent verses of Al Quran and violent Hadith will become Extremist Muslim and the become terrorist and Jihadith.

    May Allah guide and open their heart of the extremist muslim to read your warning above.amin
    With ❤️

  2. ISLAM IS IN DILEMMAH IN 21th CENTURY!
    1. Yes, Islamic teaching Create Peace, Mercy, Tolerance, Happiness, and Prosperity.
    2. Yes, Islamic Teaching also Create Violence, Intolerance, Disaster, Poverty and Warfare by extremist Muslim

    Those Muslim who follow these verses and these Hadith will become the extremist and terrorist forsure!

    Read here all verses:
    http://ilovemodrenislam.blogspot.com/2017/09/extremist-leader-is-dangerous-for.html?m=1

    May Allah open their heart and mind to the truth of Islam
    Amin
    With love❤️

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