Qur’an lesson for today: 393. Commandment – There shall be no sin for you in anything you mutually agree upon, after the fixing of the dowry

393. Commandment – There shall be no sin for you in anything you mutually agree upon, after the fixing of the dowry

[4:25] And forbidden to you are married women, except such as your right hands possess. This has Allah enjoined on you. And allowed to you are those beyond that, that you seek them by means of your property, marrying them properly and not committing fornication. And for the benefit you receive from them, give them their dowries, as fixed, and there shall be no sin for you in anything you mutually agree upon, after the fixing of the dowry. Surely, Allah is All-Knowing, Wise.

3 replies

  1. The Noble Quran: Part 5 ,V,Al’Maidah (The Table” or “The Table Spread with Food”)
    Chapter 4 An-Nisa(The Woman)
    I seek refuge with Allah from the satan accursed
    In The name of Allah The Gracious The Merciful
    بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ {1
    وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ۖ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ ۚ وَأُحِلَّ لَكُمْ مَا وَرَاءَ ذَٰلِكُمْ أَنْ تَبْتَغُوا بِأَمْوَالِكُمْ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ ۚ فَمَا اسْتَمْتَعْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْهُنَّ فَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ فَرِيضَةً ۚ وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِيمَا تَرَاضَيْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ الْفَرِيضَةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا {24}
    [Shakir 4:24] And all married women except those whom your right hands possess (this is) Allah’s ordinance to you, and lawful for you are (all women) besides those, provided that you seek (them) with your property, taking (them) in marriage not committing fornication. Then as to those whom you profit by, give them their dowries as appointed; and there is no blame on you about what you mutually agree after what is appointed; surely Allah is Knowing, Wise.
    [Pickthal 4:24] And all married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom your right hands possess. It is a decree of Allah for you. Lawful unto you are all beyond those mentioned, so that ye seek them with your wealth in honest wedlock, not debauchery. And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto them their portions as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what ye do by mutual agreement after the duty (hath been done). Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
    [Yusufali 4:24] Also (prohibited are) women already married, except those whom your right hands possess: Thus hath Allah ordained (Prohibitions) against you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your property,- desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers (at least) as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree Mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.
    [Pooya/Ali Commentary 4:24] Muhsanat means well-guarded or protected. They are married women (free and slave), minors and insane females.
    “Save those whom your right hands own” signifies “such married women as shall come in your possession as prisoners of war”. Such women, when not taken back on payment of ransom or through negotiation, are lawful as wives, even though their previous marriage has not been formally dissolved, provided the infidel woman becomes a Muslim.

    Famastamta-tum bihi provides for a temporary marriage, known as muta. It has been specifically made lawful by the Quran and the Holy Prophet, therefore, this provision subsists as unrescinded.

    One day, for no reason at all, and having no authority to amend a law given and practised by the Holy Prophet, the second caliph declared from the pulpit:

    “Two mutas (temporary marriage and combining hajj with umra) were in force during the time of the Holy Prophet, but now I decree both of them as unlawful; and I will punish those who practise them.”

    (Tafsir Kabir, Durr al-Manthur, Kashshaf, Mustadrak and others).

    According to Tirmidhi even his son, Ibn Umar, refused to agree with his father’s action because it was made lawful by Allah and His Prophet, whose pronouncements could never be revoked by any one after him.

    Therefore the Shia school of thought (Islam-original) holds both the mutas lawful. Ali ibn abi Talib reversed the uncalled-for innovation of the second caliph, and thereafter it was never again prohibited.

    The Maliki school of thought also holds muta as lawful.
    The Qur’an Chapter 4 verse 24-51 (An Nisa) [English]
    Adam Riaz
    Part 5 (V)Al-Maidah
    Chapter 4 Al-Nisa verse 25
    The Expressions Women Prisoner of war and their Right hand posses commentary:

  2. 15-May-2009
    Title: Islamic teachings on marital rights and obligations
    Delivered by: Delivered by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad at
    Summary: English | French
    Full Text: Urdu |
    Other Languages: Arabic | | French

    یتیموں کی خیرخواہی اور عائلی معاملات سے متعلق قرآن مجید کی تعلیمات و احکامات, اﷲ تعالیٰ ہماری ہرحرکت سے واقف ہے، اس نے ہمیں ہدایت دی تا کہ ہم اپنی استطاعت کے مطابق نیکیاں کر سکیں، احباب جماعت کو انصاف پر قائم ہونے اور یتامی اور اہل و عیال کے حقوق کی ادائیگی کے بارہ میں نہایت اہم تاکیدی نصائح۔
    Islamic teachings on marital rights and obligations: God is aware of our each action and by mentioning these subjects He has guided us so that we may, in accordance to our individual capacity, make endeavours to attain beneficence and seek His pleasure. Our limitations are obvious but He has commanded us in accordance – and His mercy is boundless, of which He has given us glad-tiding.

    Verses Cited in this Friday Sermon
    4:4 4:130 4:131 2:237 6:153 4:11

Leave a Reply