Arabic a revealed language and the mother of all languages

ABSTRACT OF COLLECTION OF THESE ARTICLES AND BOOKS

Evidence that there is a mother of all the 6000 known human languages is beyond doubt and no one will question this any more. But, which language is the mother, is the billion dollar question?

There is overwhelming evidence that languages change over time and they do not become more organized and complex but less so over time in their structure, even while the vocabulary grows. In other words they devolve and do not evolve even though terminology is less than precise in literature. If this premise be correct then the most organized and complex language is the mother of all and that was the argument of the Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani for Arabic. Also remember that it is a scientific principle that present is the mirror of the past. So, by learning about present we can extrapolate to the past. If languages are devolving and not truly evolving then birth of language cannot be completely explained by Darwinian evolution, based on small incremental improvements, and one has to invoke revelation. This also makes language a proof of Guided Evolution against Blind Evolution. Read your Darwin!

Sir Charles Darwin suggested a testable hypothesis for his grand theory: “If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.” If we consider human language and human mind as an organ, then here lies a means to test the details of theory of evolution. Darwin is right in as much as all life forms on earth have a common ancestry, but, the evolution of life forms, is guided by a Transcendent Intelligence and is not blind and completely random and study of languages, I believe, serves as the best proof for it.

THIS POPULAR GOOGLE-KNOL WAS FIRST WRITTEN IN 2010. IT IS A COLLECTION OF BOOKS, ARTICLES AND A DOCUMENTARY.

MINANUR REHMAN

Messiah of this age and the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, in the year 1895, wrote a book named Minanur Rehman, wherein he claimed that Arabic is the first language given by God to man and that all other languages are derived from it. He based this claim on the teachings of the Holy Quran and elucidated this proposition in the light of several verses of the Holy Quran. He is also called Promised Messiah and he has even foretold that in course of time Arabic will be found to be the mother of all the world languages. He wrote, in his book Minanur Rehman:

“All praise is due to Allah, the Sustainer, the Beneficent. To Him belong all Excellence, Grace and Goodness. He created man and taught him a plain language. And out of one language He created various languages in different countries just as He created various colors (of mankind); out of one color. And He made Arabic the mother of all languages. He made it the like of the sun in brightness and luster.”

The claims made were bold and specific. At a time when these claims were made the only established facts in the field of linguistics were that the Indo-European languages are related and possibly coming from a prototype language. The reality of other languages could have turned out to be remarkably different from what was suggested by Promised Messiah. The aborigines of Australia had migrated there 40,000 years ago; the Native Americans were separated from the main body of humanity for 12000-25000 years. The continent of Africa was divided into small hostile tribes; if the language had blindly evolved it would have been very possible that totally different languages had evolved in different tribes and groups of languages could have different mother language. But this was not to be! To read the English translation of the book go to Alislam.

THE BEGINNING OF LANGUAGE: THE INCREMENTAL REVELATION THEORY

By Syed Sajid Ahmad and by Zia H Shah MD, Chief Editor of the Muslim Times

There are several existing theories about the beginning of language. These hardly explain any of the existing data and are merely speculative. Here the authors have proposed that the language developed by a process of incremental revelation of needed root words. An analogy is created between SETI and the complexity and organization of the root system of Semitic languages, making a case for pre-cognition in the development of languages. For the rest of the story go to: The beginning of language – The incremental revelation theory.

THE JOURNEY OF MAN: A GENETIC ODESSY

By Spencer Wells

The Holy Quran links the study of languages with the study of races. It says, “And among His Signs are the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the diversity of your tongues and colors. In that surely are Signs for those who possess knowledge.” (Al Quran 30:23) Geneticist Spencer Wells spends his life traveling the globe taking blood samples from men and women in order to unravel the secrets of the human story: Where did humans come from? How did they spread over the globe? How did different races evolve? In this documentary, Wells answers those questions, demonstrating the shared human heritage, the universal brotherhood, for the first time using the latest discoveries of human genetics. The migration also sheds light on history of different languages, as to how they may have metamorphosed from a mother tongue. The documentary is available on YouTube:

A REVEALED MOTHER TONGUE: EVIDENCE FOR GUIDED EVOLUTION

By Zia H Shah

Drawing inspiration from the revealed knowledge of the Holy Quran and other revelations, the Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, may peace be on him, wrote in his book Minanur Rehman, in 1895:

“Allah created man and taught him a plain language. And out of one language He created various languages in different countries just as He created various colors (of mankind); out of one color. And He made Arabic the mother of all languages. He made it the like of the sun in brightness and luster.”

The present day linguists in keeping with the dictates of Darwinism believe that all languages have come to being by a process of blind evolution over time. Yet we see no evidence for evolution in the 5000 extant languages. Examples of devolution of languages into less organized languages abound but evolution is nowhere to be seen.

This tree suggests how all the Indo-European languages are derived from one proto-type language.

Languages are not evolving from simple to complex. According to the famous linguist Merritt Ruhlen, “All extant human languages are today considered of equal ‘complexity’ by virtually all linguists.” Guy Deutscher writes, “Small tribes with stone-age technology speak languages with structures that sometimes make Latin and Greek seem like child’s play.”

I have collated the evidence of one mother tongue of all languages and how the present is the key to the past, in study of languages. Read the rest of the story in: Languages derived from Arabic.

MIRACLE AND PROPHECY OF THE HOLY QURAN

When the Holy Quran opines on a subject and we understand it correctly, we find it to be very profound and accurate. For example review this verse of the Holy Quran about languages and ethnic grouping and how the scripture links them by mentioning them together:

“And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the diversity of your tongues and colors. In that surely are Signs for those who possess knowledge.” (Al Quran 30:23)

The link between the languages and ethnicity may seem some what obvious today to the readers of this article,but it was not always the case and what are some of the Signs that this verse alludes to. To make my point let me now quote from Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza and Francesco Cavalli-Sforza write in their book The Great Human Diasporas – The History Of Diversity And Evolution , under a heading, Darwin’s Prophecy:
“At a certain point I realized with a mixture of emotion, pleasure, and some embarrassment that our observations on the strong similarity between the genetic tree and the linguistic one had been presaged by Charles Darwin. Here is a quotation from The Origin of Species (1859): ‘If we possessed a perfect pedigree of mankind, a genealogical arrangement of the races of man would afford the best classification of the various languages now spoken throughout the world, and if all extinct languages and all intermediate and slowly changing dialects, were to be included, such an arrangement would be the only possible one.’ I was reminded of this prophecy by Franco Scudo, an historian of evolution; I was embarrassed because it had completely slipped my mind.”

If this can be considered to be Darwin’s Prophecy, then certainly the Holy Quran revealed 1300 years before Darwin has a better claim to this. Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza and Francesco Cavalli-Sforza next go on to explain the reasons for the close link between the study of the languages and tribes and ethnicity:

“Why should there be a similarity between linguistic evolution and genetic evolution? The explanation is simple. During modern humanity’s expansion, breakaway groups settled in new locations and occupied new continents; from these, other groups broke away and traveled to more distant regions. These schisms and shifts took humanity to very remote areas where contact with the original areas and peoples became difficult or impossible. The isolation of numerous groups had two inevitable consequences: the formation of genetic differences and the formation of linguistic differences. Both take their own path and have their own rules, but the sequence of divisions that caused diversification is common to both. Their history, whether reconstructed using language or genes, is that of their migrations and fissions and is therefore inevitably the same.”
Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza and Francesco Cavalli-Sforza in their book also give a beautiful picture of proposed tree demonstrating how the languages along with the respective ethnicities, may have diversified from their common origin:
The authors describe the picture as, “The relationship between the genetic tree of the world’s major populations and linguistic families.” It was very profound and prophetic that the Holy Quran linked the study of languages and ethnicity 14 centuries before it became obvious to the modern linguist and also mentioned in this verse that there are several Signs of Allah in the study of these subjects and their interrelation.
ARABIC THE MOTHER OF ALL LANGUAGES

By Zia H Shah MD

It was originally published in Muslim Sunrise in 2009. For some of the pictures and references go to the Muslim Sunrise, 2009_summer.  This article is is being partially reproduced here:

“It is not that I doubt that language evolved only once,” Steven Pinker a famous linguistic confesses, “one of the assumptions behind the search for the ultimate mother tongue.” [1] A gradual consensus seems to building among the linguists that all languages have come from one source. If the 5000 extant languages of the world were coming from divergent sources they would show varied degree of organization and complexity. But that does not seem to be the case. According to the famous linguist Merritt Ruhlen, “All extant human languages are today considered of equal ‘complexity’ by virtually all linguists.” [2] Guy Deutscher writes, “Small tribes with stone-age technology speak languages with structures that sometimes make Latin and Greek seem like child’s play.” [3]

Edward Sapir, has been described by Encyclopedia Britannica as, “One of the foremost American linguists and anthropologists of his time, most widely known for his contributions to the study of North American Indian languages.” [4] According to him:

“There is no more striking general fact about language than its universality. One may argue as to whether a particular tribe engages in activities that are worthy of the name of religion or of art, but we know of no people that is not possessed of a fully developed language. The lowliest South African Bushman speaks in the forms of a rich symbolic system that is in essence perfectly comparable to the speech of the cultivated Frenchman. …

Many primitive languages have a formal richness, a latent luxuriance of expression that eclipses anything known to the languages of modern civilization. Even in the mere matter of the inventory of speech the layman must be prepared for strange surprises. Popular statements as to the extreme poverty of expression to which primitive lan­guages are doomed are simply myths.”[5]

Mario Pei was an Italian-born American linguist whose many works helped to provide the general public with a popular understanding of linguistics and philology. Pei immigrated to the United States with his parents when he was seven years old. By the time he was out of high school he knew not only English and his native Italian but also Latin, Greek, and French. Over the years he became fluent in five languages, capable of speaking some 30 others, and acquainted with the structure of at least 100 spoken languages. He wrote:

“Is there a possibility that our present classification of languages will be improved? More light is being shed upon language affiliations as more material is discovered. It is even possible that one day dream of some linguists will come true, and all languages be proved to have a common origin. Linguists, however, are hard headed scientists, not impractical theorists. Before, they will accept a hypothesis, however attractive, the proof must be cogent beyond a shadow of doubt.” [6]

SIR WILLIAM JONES (1746-1794)

Sir William Jones was an English linguist or philologist and student of ancient India, particularly known for his proposition of the existence of a relationship among Indo-European languages. He was also the founder of the Asiatic Society. He can be aptly described as the father of modern linguistics. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, “In his 1786 presidential discourse to the Asiatic Society, he postulated the common ancestry of Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek, his findings providing the impetus for the development of comparative linguistics in the early 19th century.” [7]

Of all his discoveries, Jones is best known today for making and propagating the observation that Sanskrit bore a certain resemblance to classical Greek and Latin. He suggested that all three languages had a common root, and that indeed they may all be further related, in turn, to Gothic and the Celtic languages, as well as to Persian. This common source came to be known as Proto-Indo-European.

All Indo-European languages are believed to be derived from Proto Indo-European language.

Merritt Ruhlen writes in his bookthe origin of language: tracing the evolution of the mother tongue: “We would not be giving Jones his due credit, however, if we were merely to mention that he noted similarities among Indo-European languages. His crowning achievement was not just that he saw these similarities, but that he explained them. And the evolutionary explanation he gave-descent with mod­ification from a common ancestor-was the one Darwin would give 72 years later for biology (with the addition of natural selection, which does not apply in language).”

Here is a short list of words common to most Indo-European languages, demonstrating the amazing overlap in the basic vocabulary of these languages:

 

Language father mother brother Two three four horse
Old English fæder modor broðor Twa thrie feowre eoh
Latin pater mater frater duos tres quattuor equus
Old Irish athair mathair brathir Do tri ceathair ech
Greek pater meter phrater 1 duos tri tetra hippos
Sanskrit pitar matar bhratar Dva trayas chatvari asva
Avestan pitar matar bratar Dwa trayo chatvaro aspa
Russian otech matka brat Dva tri chetyre loshaa
Armenian hayr Erku erek’ cork’
Tocharian B pacer macer procer Wi trai s’twer yakwe
Proto-Indo-European *pəter *mater *bhrater *duwos *treyes *kwetores *ek’wos

Guy Deutscher in his book the Unfolding of Language: An Evolutionary Tour of Mankind’s Greatest Invention, published in 2005, also draws a similar family tree of the Indo-European languages on page 57 to show how all the Indo European languages are related and are derived from a Proto-Indo-European language.

In the year 1895, Promised Messiah as wrote a book Minanur Rehman and gave a dramatic turn to the work of Sir William Jones in light of the verses of the Holy Quran.

PROMISED MESSIAH (1836-1908)

And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the diversity of your tongues and colors. In that surely are Signs for those who possess knowledge. (Al Quran 30:23)This verse of the Holy Quran was revealed in a century when knowledge was scant and even mention of comparative linguistics was beyond the contemporary human paradigms. To a fair minded person the mere presence of the verse in a book from the seventh century should be thought provoking. This circumstance alone is sufficient to give the Quran an urgent claim on our attention. This verse, as regards the languages apparently lay dormant for more than a millennium, until the time of renaissance of Islam, in recent times.Messiah of this age and the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, in the year 1895, wrote a book named Minanur Rehman, wherein he claimed that Arabic is the first language given by God to man and that all other languages are derived from it. He based this claim on the teachings of the Holy Quran and elucidated this proposition in the light of several verses of the Holy Quran. He even foretold that in course of time Arabic will be found to be the mother of all the world languages. [8] He wrote, in his book Minanur Rehman:”All praise is due to Allah, the Sustainer, the Beneficent. To Him belong all Excellence, Grace and Goodness. He created man and taught him a plain language. And out of one language He created various languages in different countries just as He created various colors (of mankind); out of one color. And He made Arabic the mother of all languages. He made it the like of the sun in brightness and luster.” [9]The claims made were bold and specific. At a time when these claims were made the only established facts in the field of linguistics were that the Indo-European languages are related and possibly coming from a prototype language. The reality of other languages could have turned out to be remarkably different from what was suggested by Promised Messiah. The aborigines of Australia had migrated there 40,000 years ago; the Native Americans were separated from the main body of humanity for 12000-25000 years. The continent of Africa was divided into small hostile tribes; if the language had blindly evolved it would have been very possible that totally different languages had evolved in different tribes and groups of languages could have different mother language.Granted the languages borrow words from each other but that applies to words of secondary importance. The primary words are those without which no language can be functional. So they cannot be borrowed from other languages. Simple pronouns like ‘me’ and ‘you;’ and the words that are often the first words uttered by the babies, calling their parents can not be considered to be borrowed from other languages. If different languages had descended from different sources, there was no rhyme or reason for languages to have even a single common ‘primary word.’ Since his writing of Minanur Rehman there is growing evidence that all languages have been derived from one mother tongue.

THE INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES

BASIC VOCABULARY OF 25 EUROPEAN LANGUAGES
Language One Two Three Head Eye Ear Nose Mouth Tooth
Breton unan, eun Dau tri penn lagad skuarn fri genu, bek dant
Irish aon Dau tri ceann süil au, clüas srön bēal fiacal
Welsh unan, eun Do tri penn ligad klust truyn geneu dant
Danish en To tre hoved öje öre naese mund tand
Swedish en To tre huvud öga öra näsa mund tand
Dutch e:n tve: dri: ho:ft o:x o:r no:s mont tant
English wən Tuw θrij hɛd aj ijr nowz mawθ tuwθ
German ajns Tsvai draj kopf augə o:r na:ze munt tsa:n
French â€, yn trwa tɛ:t cej, jф orɛ:j ne bu:š da
Italian uno,una Due tre Tɛsta okkjo orekkjo naso bɔkka dente
Spanish un, una Dos tres kabesa oxo orexa naso boka diente
Rumanian un, o doj, dowə

common origin:

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.