Why Jews and Muslims Both Have Religious Claims on Jerusalem

Although Israel’s official capital is Tel Aviv, the country has long considered Jerusalem as its unofficial capitalJerusalem, which is one of the oldest cities in the world, has been formally divided between Israel and Palestine for nearly 70 years, yet changed hands many other times throughout the course of its over 5,000-year history.

Israel and Palestine’s dueling claims to the city are steeped in decades of conflict, during which Jewish settlers pushed Muslim Arabs out of their homes and established the state of Israel on their land in the middle of the 20th century. But the claims are also tied to the religions of Judaism and Islam, both of which recognize Jerusalem as a holy place.

On December 6, President Donald Trump broke with previous U.S. foreign policy and announced that the U.S. would recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, effectively endorsing Israeli control of the city.

Jerusalem seen through a door with the shape of the star of David. U.S. officials say President Donald Trump will recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital Wednesday, Dec. 6, and instruct the State Department to begin the multi-year process of moving the American embassy from Tel Aviv to the holy city. (Credit: Oded Balilty/AP Photo)
Jerusalem seen through a door with the shape of the star of David. U.S. officials say President Donald Trump will recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital Wednesday, Dec. 6, and instruct the State Department to begin the multi-year process of moving the American embassy from Tel Aviv to the holy city. (Credit: Oded Balilty/AP Photo)

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are strongly tied to the ancient city, and followers of each of these religions have controlled all or part of the city over the past few thousand years. In 1,000 B.C.E., King David established Jewish control over Jerusalem. The city fell in and out of other hands during the next couple of millenia; particularly during the crusades, when Christian crusaders fought competing Christian and Muslim factions for control of the city. And between 1517 and 1917, the Ottoman Empire—whose official religion was Islam—ruled the city.

Jerusalem features prominently in the Hebrew Bible. In the Jewish tradition, it is the place where Abraham, the first Patriarch of Judaism, nearly sacrificed his son Isaac to God thousands of years ago. Later, Abraham’s grandson Jacob (who took the name “Israel”) learned that Jerusalem is “the site that the Lord your God will choose from among all your tribes, as a place established in His name,” according to the Book of Deuteronomy.

Religious Jewish men praying at The Western Wall, Judaism's holiest site, ahead of the Sabbath, 2005. (Credit: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
Religious Jewish men praying at The Western Wall, Judaism’s holiest site, ahead of the Sabbath, 2005. (Credit: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

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Categories: Arab World

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15 replies

  1. As a good Muslim have to follow the rule of Al Quran.
    Let us read what Al Quran say about Jews, the land, and religion.

    1. While We intended to favor those who were held as weak in the land, and to make them leaders and make them inheritors, (5) And give them power in the land, and to show Pharaoh, Haman and their armies the very thing they were fearing from them Q.28:5-6)

    2. We caused those people who were deemed to be weak (the Israelites) to inherit the East and West of the land that We had blessed. And the sublime word of your Lord was fulfilled for the children of Isra’il, because they stood patient; and We destroyed what Pharaoh and his people used to build and what they used to raise high. Q.7:(137) .

    This Verse has also in Bible (Taurat)

    I will keep my promise to you and your descendants in future generations as an everlasting covenant. I will be your God and the God of your descendants.The whole land of the Canaan will belong to your descendants for ever and I will be their God. (Genesis 17:7-8) You and your descendants must all agree to circumcise every male among you. From now on you must circumcise every baby boy when his eight days old.(Genesis 17:10).

    Prophet Muhammad affirm and say in al Quran that Jerusalem belongs to Jews.

    .And (remember) when it was said to them: “Dwell in this town (Jerusalem) and eat therefrom wherever you wish, and say, ‘(O Allâh) forgive our sins’; and enter the gate prostrate (bowing with humility). We shall forgive you your wrong-doings. We shall increase (the reward) for the good-doers.” Q.7:161)

    At the time of our prophet Muhammad pbuh say to his follower that prophet Muhammad pbuh affirmed that:

    1. Good Jews will be leader on earth, Jews will be exalted other people( Arab )

    2. Allah will protect Jews from the extremist attacker.
    3. Allah will Bless Jews with peace, prosperity and dignity.

    Allah will punish those who intend to expel Jews to their land.
    Unfortunately most Arab people and Muslim around the world have been deceived or misled by the false hadith.
    Idol Muslim teach Muslim to hate and hostile toward Jews and Christion for century

    Sahih Muslim 4366—“ I will expel the Jews and Christian from the Arabian Peninsula and will not leave any but Muslim”

    Whereas Allah command Muslim:
    Love your neighbor ad you love your self, or love all prople regardless his belief, race and gender.

    Allah will punish and curse those Muslim who hostile toward Jews.
    May Allah guide Muslim around the world to love all people include Jews and Christian
    With ❤️

  2. Alex Krypnik and his family are in serios problem from Sadomskiy’s family Sadomskiy Evgeniy and his father Vladimir tretened to kill Krypnik over money watch them they sickopats they need profesional help Krypnik must becareful Evegeniy he is dangerous planed attack your family!

  3. We know that Jews consider themselves to be ‘The chosen people’, but that does not mean that we all have to believe that. Unfortunately those early Biblical/Tora teachings have been absorbed by Christians and Muslims. But enlightened people question much of what was written, for that reason we have developed brains, which forms our evolution.

    • ‘chosen people’ ? Do not all followers of all religions believe themselves to be ‘the rightly guided’ = ‘the best’ = ‘the chosen people’ ? right. we are supposed to think.

  4. IF, the Jews are/were the chosen people for ALL times to come, what should the rest of non-jewish humanity to consider itself to be?

    Think about this with Justice in mind…

    • MY VIEW: all the peoples AT THE TIME of a Prophet are ‘his chosen people’. Therefore the Jewish time for ‘chosen people’ is long passed. Now the chosen people are the ones who follow the Prophet of this time. (but that does not give the present-day-chosen-people the right to consider everyone else a slave. Rather the chosen people should be humble to invite and attract others to the chosen path.

    • Renate wrote: Jews considered non-Jews as a sub-species.==

      This kind od statement on public is not wise at all, create the bad feeling toward Jews.

      If you still want to say that statement it will be reasonsble
      If you say—- there is a Jew say……blaaaaa

    • No, I do not want to enter that debate (about the chosen people). The Jewish idea of ‘chosen people’ is unique. It includes ‘Atheist Jews’ (Jews by race if not by faith). Muslims on the other hand say that all races are equal ‘and the best of you are those who are best in their piety’. (not exact wording).

  5. As a Muslim has to be honest and admit that Allah say in our holy Quran whitch we believe in; Prophet Mose’s follower who obey God laws in Taurat will be “ Chosen people” Allah create Jews DNA are different others

    Let us agree with God word, we will be united.

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