Mein Kampf: The world’s most dangerous book?

Mein+Kampf

Source: BBC

“They wanted to replace the Bible.” Whispering in a hushed room of the Bavarian State Library, rare books expert Stephan Kellner describes how the Nazis turned a rambling, largely unreadable screed – part memoir, part propaganda – into a central part of the Third Reich’s ideology.

As Mein Kampf comes out of copyright – meaning that, in theory, anyone could publish their own editions in Germany – a programme on BBC Radio 4 explores what authorities can do about one of the world’s most notorious books.

According to the producer of Publish or Burn, which was first broadcast in January 2015, it remains a dangerous text. “The history of Hitler is a history of underestimating him; and people have underestimated this book,” says John Murphy, whose grandfather translated the first unabridged English language version in 1936.

“There’s a good reason to take it seriously because it is open to misinterpretation. Even though Hitler wrote it in the 1920s a lot of what he said in it, he carried out – if people had paid a bit more attention to it at the time maybe they would have recognised the threat.”

Hitler began writing Mein Kampf while in prison for treason after the failed 1923 ‘Beer Hall’ putsch in Munich, outlining his racist, anti-Semitic views. Once he gained power a decade later, the book became a key Nazi text, with 12m copies printed; it was given to newly married couples by the state and gold-leaf editions were displayed prominently in the homes of senior officials.

At the end of World War Two, when the US Army seized the Nazis’ publisher Eher Verlag, rights for Mein Kampf passed to the Bavarian authorities. They ensured the book was only reprinted in Germany under special circumstances – but the expiration of its copyright in December 2015 has prompted fierce debate on how to curb a publishing free-for-all.

“The Bavarians have used copyright to control republication of Mein Kampf… what happens next?” says Murphy. “This is still a dangerous book – there are issues with neo-Nazis, and a danger of people misinterpreting it if it’s not put into context.”

Chapter and verse

Some question whether anyone would want to publish it –according to the New Yorker, “It is full of bombastic, hard-to-follow clauses, historical minutiae, and tangled ideological threads, and both neo-Nazis and serious historians tend to avoid it.”

Yet the book has become popular in India with politicians who have Hindu nationalist leanings. “It is considered to be a very significant self-help book,” Atrayee Sen, a lecturer in contemporary religion and conflict at the university of Manchester, told Radio 4. “If you take the element of anti-Semitism out, it is about a small man who was in prison who dreamt of conquering the world and set out to do it.”

The removal of context is one of the fears of those opposed to republication. In Publish or Burn Ludwig Unger, spokesman for the Bavarian Ministry of Education and Culture, says: “The result of this book was that millions of people were killed, millions were maltreated, whole areas were overrun with war. It’s important to keep this in mind and you can do that when you read certain passages with appropriate critical historical commentary.”

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Categories: Book, Europe, Germany, History, The Muslim Times

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