Wikipedia: Biography of Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (ra)

Source: en.wikipedia.org

This photo was taken during Mirza Mahmood Ahmad's Tour of England in 1924. From right to left: Fazl ul-Rahman Hakim; Mirza Mahmood Ahmad and Abd ur-Rahim Nayyar. At the bottom, two West-Africans.

This photo was taken during Mirza Mahmood Ahmad’s Tour of England in 1924. From right to left: Fazl ul-Rahman Hakim; Mirza Mahmood Ahmad and Abd ur-Rahim Nayyar. At the bottom, two West-Africans.

Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad

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Mirza Basheer-ud-Din
Mirza Mahmood Ahmad1924.jpg
Hadhrat Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (The Promised Son)
Reign 14 March 1914 – 7 November 1965
Full name Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad
Born 12 January 1889
British India
Died 7 November 1965 (aged 76)
Rabwah, Pakistan
Buried Bahishti Maqbara
Rabwah, Pakistan
Predecessor Hakeem Noor-ud-Din
Successor Mirza Nasir Ahmad
Wives Mahmooda Begum (m. 1903)
Amatul Hayye (m. 1914)
Sarah Begum
Aziza Begum
Maryam Begum
Mariam Siddiqa
Bushra Begum
Offspring 24
Mother Nusrat Jahan Begum
Website The Fadl-I-‘Umar Foundation
Signature
Bismillah mod.png

Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (Urduمرزا بشیر الدین محمود احمد) (12 January 1889 – 7 November 1965), was Khalifatul Masih II, head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the eldest son of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad from his second wife, Nusrat Jahan Begum. He was elected as the second successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad on 14 March 1914 at the age of 25, the day after the death of his predecessor Hakeem Noor-ud-Din.[1]

He is known for establishing the organizational structure of the community, improvement of its administration, a ten volume commentary of the Qur’anand directing extensive missionary activity outside the subcontinent of India. He was a renowned orator and was also an active political figure especially in pre-partition India. Mahmood Ahmad is regarded by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community as the Musleh Maood (Promised Reformer) and the ‘Promised Son’ that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad foretold God would bestow upon him.[2]

 

 

Birth and Early Life[edit]

Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad was born to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and Nusrat Jahan Begum on 12 January 1889 in Qadian, India, the same year in which Ghulam Ahmad founded the Ahmadiyya Movement. Accounts of his early childhood describe him to be mischievous, playful and carefree.[3] However, due to excessive illness Mahmood Ahmad was unable to attend to secondary education. During his youth, he remained an active member in the service of his father’s Movement by founding a journal entitled Tash-heezul Azhaan and accompanied him on many of his journeys.[4]

In 1907, he claimed to have been taught the commentary of Surah Al-Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Qur’an by an angel, by way of a vision. According to Mahmood Ahmad, this vision signified that God had placed the knowledge of the Qur’an in his mind in the form of a seed. From that point forward, he is said to have been granted special knowledge of the commentary of the Qur’an.[5]

He taught for a long time. When he reached [the verse] Thee alone do we worship and thee alone do we implore for help he said ‘All previous commentators have been able to interpret up to this point. But I want to teach you further.’ I said ‘Go ahead’. Thereafter, he continued to teach me until finally he had imparted to me the commentary of the whole of Surah Fatiha … Since then, not a single day has passed that I have not reflected upon Surah Fatiha and Allah has always taught me new points and opened for me diverse branches of knowledge. In his limitless Grace, He has explained to me all the difficult subjects discussed in the Holy Quran.

— Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, Al-Mau’ud, Anwar-ul-Ulum, Vol.17 p.570

On 26 May 1908 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad died in Lahore when Mahmood Ahmad was 19 years old. The next day on 27 May 1908, Mahmood Ahmad gave the oath of allegiance to Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, the first successor of Ghulam Ahmad. After the passing of his father, Mahmood Ahmad continued to study the QuranSahih Bukhari, the Masnavi and some medicine under the tutelage of Noor-ud-Din, with whom he developed a close friendship. Noor-ud-Din would eventually become one of the leading influences in Mahmood’s life. He also began writing articles for various periodicals for the Community and would often engage himself in theological debates with various scholars of the Community. In July 1911, He was appointed as “Ameer” of Jamat e Ahmadiyya Multan by Khalifahtul Masih I.[citation needed]

Mahmood Ahmad visited Egypt and Arabia in September 1912 during the course of which he performed Hajj. Upon his return to Qadian in June 1913, he started a newspaper, titled Al-Fazl.[6] Within the Community, the newspaper serves as a vehicle for the moral upbringing of its members, preaching Islam and the preservation of history of the Community.

False Caliph On 13 March 1914, Khalifatul Masih I Hakeem Noor-ud-Din died shortly after 2 p.m. in Qadian, India.[7] The following day, Noor-ud-Din’s will which had been entrusted to Muhammad Ali Khan, a prominent member of the Community, was read aloud in Noor Mosque after Asr prayer:

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Ever Merciful. We praise Him and call down blessings on His noble Messenger. This humble one writes in the full possession of his senses. There is no one worthy of worship save Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. My children are young and there is no money in our house. Allah is their Guardian. No provision should be made for them out of any fund for orphans and the needy. A loan might be provided for them which should be repaid by those of my sons who grow up into a position to do so. My books and property should be put in trust for my children. My successor should be righteous, popular, learned and of good conduct. He would exercise forbearance towards the old and new friends of the Promised Messiah. I have been the well-wisher of all of them and so should he be. The public teaching of the Quran and Hadith should be continued. Greetings of peace.[7]

— Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, Last Will and Testament, March, 4 1914

Having hardly finished the reading of Noor-ud-Din’s will, members of the community felt Mahmood Ahmad best met the criteria of a successor the will had described and began calling for …continue reading at en.wikipedia.org

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