The Huffington Post:
Despite the current state of tension that exists between them, Muslims and Jews have a long history of tolerance and mutual admiration. Perhaps this is no more obvious than in the life of Moses Maimonides, the great Jewish philosopher who flourished intellectually and professional under Muslim rule.
Born in 1138, Maimonides was raised in the city of Córdoba, Spain, one of the greatest intellectual and spiritual havens of its time. Córdoba is the setting for one of history’s most important examples of interfaith tolerance. Between 711 and 1085, Muslims, Jews and Christians lived in Andalucía — the name given to Muslim Spain — in a relative state of harmony, which was utterly unthinkable in other European cities such as London or Paris. This state of tolerance even has its own name — convívencía — which can literally be translated as “living with-ness,” or “requiring tolerance.”
In Andalucía, Jews were not only able to keep their ways, but they found a secure home after years of persecution under Christian rule. They called their Spanish home “Sefarad,” the name which they gave to the Iberian peninsula. Some scholars describe this period as the “Jewish Golden Age.”
From an early age Maimonides learned Arabic and the doctrines of Aristotle and Plato……