The Alpine nation is well known for its watches, chocolate and pharmaceutical industry. But in recent years Switzerland has also become a leader in robotics thanks to its top universities, research centres and start-ups.This content was published on December 16, 2022 – 09:00December 16, 2022 – 09:00Marc-André MiserezOther languages: 7
The move into robotics has been a natural fit for a country that excels in high-end precision machinery and electronics.
To pull together top Swiss research in this field, the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR)External link Robotics was formed in 2010, funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation, to develop “new, human-oriented robotic technology for improving our quality of life”. After 12 years and CHF85 million ($91.2 million) invested, funding for the programme came to an end in November 2022. The NCCR project is being succeeded by the NTN Innovation Booster RoboticsExternal link programme, aimed at promoting knowledge transfer and a transition to the industrial phase.
Today, the most popular robots are not made in Switzerland, but in Japan, Korea, China, Germany or the United States. Yet Switzerland is a world leader in robotics research, and the products made by Swiss start-ups are sold around the world.
They also have a wide appeal among the Swiss public, especially children, as shown in this video from the Swiss Robotics Days in Lausanne on November 4-5, 2022.
MoreSwiss robots and drones pull in crowdsThis content was published on Dec 14, 2022This year’s Swiss Robotics Days took place in November in Lausanne. Over 4,000 people attended the event, including many children.
‘Drone Valley’ and killer robots
In certain robotics fields, like professional drones, Switzerland is at the forefront. The University of Zurich led the NCCR’s research into search-and-rescue robotics, while EPFL scientists have been working on how to improve the agility, flight time and speed of the next generation of drones, creating devices that look like birds.
MoreSwiss robotics moves from research to delivering productsThis content was published on Mar 29, 2022This is where the robots of tomorrow are born: flexible, agile, collaborative and as intelligent as a machine can be.
MoreSwiss drones to the rescue!This content was published on Nov 27, 2020Researchers and mountain rescuers in Switzerland are making huge progress in the field of autonomous drones.
These professional drones are not toys. For now they are not yet able to deliver goods or rescue people, but are used mainly for observation purposes, deployed in locations that are difficult to access. They are also increasingly used by farmers.
MoreHow Swiss technology is changing farmingThis content was published on Apr 22, 2020Remote sensing, big data, artificial intelligence and robotics are being integrated into everyday farm management.
Drones are also used more and more by the military. Virtually all robots can have military applications, and armed conflicts have accelerated the development of such technologies. In Switzerland, scientists are all too aware of the possible wartime uses of drones.
MoreSwiss army uses drone technology. Should we worry?This content was published on Jun 27, 2022The same small drones that search for missing people and transport medicines are increasingly being used on the battlefield.
So-called “killer robots” – lethal autonomous weapons – are no longer the realm of pure science fiction. Fully autonomous weapons do not yet exist, but campaigners say they could be deployed in battle in just a few years given rapid advances and spending on artificial intelligence and other technologies. Meanwhile, partly autonomous weapon and military robotics systems – such as AI-powered tanks, planes and ships – have reportedly been deployed or are under development in numerous states, including China, France, Israel, Britain, Russia and the United States.
There are currently no laws or international treaties to regulate their use. But over the past decade diplomats, disarmament experts and campaigners have been meeting at the United Nations in Geneva to discuss the multiple ethical, legal, operational, security and technical challenges of killer robots.
MoreBan on ‘killer robots’ faces showdown in GenevaThis content was published on Jun 30, 2022These weapons systems, developed using robotics and artificial intelligence, do not require human operation.
While animal-like robots, like the Spot or Big Dog by Boston Dynamics, are becoming more commonplace, humanoid robots are still a distant dream for scientists.
Swiss developers are still playing catch-up, but a Zurich start-up already offers a sort of robotic dog that is able to navigate rough terrain for search-and-rescue missions following a disaster.
More‘The world needs technologies that can contain disasters’This content was published on Sep 10, 2021The September 11 attacks exposed the need for better robotic technologies to prevent and mitigate disasters.
Robots may not yet be able to pull victims out from under destroyed houses and rubble, but they can help assist us in the field of healthcare. Medical robotics is a broad sector that was one of the best represented in NCCR-supported projects.
These range from robotic prostheses to exoskeletons aimed at helping people with disabilities regain mobility – and even semi-autonomous robot surgeons.What if your future surgeon were a robot?This content was published on Jul 2, 2021Semi-autonomous “robot surgeons” and bioengineered skin tissue are some of the most promising medical innovations coming from Switzerland.
The trend for robots in classrooms and universities was given a boost by the Covid-19 pandemic and distance learning. Yet everyone still seems to agree that a robot could one day serve as an assistant, but never as a teacher.
MoreSwitzerland gears up to place robots in classroomsThis content was published on Mar 2, 2021Covid-19 has accelerated the transition to online teaching, raising questions about the role of robots in classrooms.
Even if robots are fast, agile and fearless, have better vision and can make faster calculations than humans, they do not have the same intelligence. Theirs is artificial, and so far, no AI system has passed the Turing test – the famous check invented by computer pioneer Alan TuringExternal link in 1950 to determine whether a programme could pass as human.
MoreIs artificial intelligence really as intelligent as we think? This content was published on Feb 15, 2022Computers are increasingly taking important decisions for us. Should we be letting them?External Content
Translated from French by Simon Bradley
Articles in this story
- Swiss robots and drones pull in crowds
- Swiss robotics moves from research to delivering products
- Swiss drones to the rescue!
- How Swiss technology is changing farming
- Swiss army uses drone technology. Should we worry?
- Ban on ‘killer robots’ faces showdown in Geneva
- ‘The world needs technologies that can contain disasters’
- Switzerland gears up to place robots in classrooms
- Is artificial intelligence really as intelligent as we think?
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what does this article have to do with Muslims? Well, there is the well known hadith of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings be on him, ‘seek knowledge, even if you have to go to Switzerland / ah, no, China it is’.