What is the Concept of Imam Mahdi, the Savior of the End Times in Islam?




A man visits the tomb of Imam Mahdi at the Wadi al-Salam cemetery, in Najaf, Iraq, February 9, 2022. REUTERS/Alaa Al-Marjani

TEMPO.CO , Jakarta – Not long ago, a Riau resident with the initials WAM, 32 years old, was arrested by the Riau Police after claiming to be Imam Mahdi . The case of people claiming to be Imam Mahdi is not the first time. Even in Indonesia itself, at least this has happened several times. Then who exactly is Imam Mahdi in Islam, called this savior?

Achmad Maulana in the Popular Scientific Dictionary, revealed, in the language of Imam Mahdi consists of two words, namely Imam and Mahdi. Imam is defined as a religious leader or prayer leader. While the Mahdi is a leader, protector, guide or one who gets guidance from God. Meanwhile, according to the term, according to the Islamic Encyclopedia volume 5, Imam Mahdi is a savior at the end of time.

Imam Mahdi is believed that in the end times will come to save the lives of mankind on this earth from injustice, misery, and cruelty. So that his arrival will bring them to happiness and peace. The belief in the coming of this savior has been firmly rooted among the Ahlussunnah, Shia, Ahmadiyya and others.

This is because there are traditions which state that Imam Mahdi will come at the end of time, for example from the hadith narrated by Abu Dawud. The following hadith: ” From Abdullah Bin Mas’ud radhiyallahu anhu said: The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said: “The world will not disappear (doomsday) so that the Arab nation will be ruled by a person from my family (my descendants) whose name is the same as my name “.

Muhammad Majdi Marjan in the book Jesus Man or Not? revealed that the concept of a Savior coming at the end of time does not only exist in Islam. Indians in the interior of America also have this belief. Even the ancient Egyptians, they also waited for the coming of the Savior. The Babylonians every time they got a calamity or disaster also had a belief in the return of Marduk to earth. The Magi also believed that every thousand years, an apostle from the god of light would be born, who rose in human form.

Meanwhile, citing the Suaramuhammadiyah.id page, the notion of the existence of Imam Mahdi is growing within the Imamiyya Shia. According to them, at the end of time there will come a just caliph from the descendants of Ali bin Abi Talib. The caliph was named Mahdi, who would rule over the entire Islamic world. Understanding of Imam Mahdi initially included the engineering and strategy of the Imami Shia. They tried to balance the Umayyad kingdom which ruled with oppression to the followers of Ali bin Abi Talib at that time.

While waiting for the appearance of Imam Mahdi, according to Imami Shia belief, the world is led by visible Shia spiritual figures or rijalul qhaib. The composition of the rijalul qhaib consisted of a Quthub or Qhaus named Insan Kamil, four Autad as ministers, seven Abdal people, twelve Nukaba’ and three hundred Nujaba people. However, according to Muhammadiyah, the concept of rijalul qhaib in essence does not exist or is only the imagination of the Shia.

“It cannot be accepted by reason and naql (Syara). Likewise with Imam Mahdi who in Javanese society is called Ratu Adil. Muhammadiyah does not believe in the existence of Imam Mahdi, because it is not based on mutawatir arguments,” wrote the Suaramuhammadiyah.id page.

According to Ibn Khaldun, the story about Imam Mahdi is very confusing, the source is from the Shia group. The concept of the arrival of a savior at the end of time is not clear at the end. In fact, the enemies of Islam use this concept as a weapon to destroy Islam, as Mirza Ghulam claims, in addition to being the Prophet as well as the Mahdi. Muhammadiyah is of the opinion that belief in al-Mahdi is part of belief in the unseen.

According to Muhammadiyah, this belief is correct based on the mutawatir ma’nawi hadiths. However, related to the phenomenon of the emergence of certain claims claiming to be al-Mahdi, Muhammadiyah recommends that Muslims be careful and not easily believe, Muslims should be critical and continue to study issues like this through clear sources. namely the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

Citing the islam.nu.or.id page , the leadership of Imam Mahdi does not need to be claimed by anyone. According to Nahdlatul Ulama or NU, anyone who claims to be the Imam Mahdi, even though he is not, will be rejected by the inhabitants of the earth and the sky. In fact, among the signs of the true Imam Mahdi is that his leadership is approved by the inhabitants of the earth and the sky. This is stated in the hadith narrated by Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal.

” I give you good tidings with the advent of the Mahdi, who is raised to my Ummah when there is conflict and turmoil between people, then the earth will be filled with balance and justice as it has been filled with evil and injustice. The inhabitants of the heavens and the earth are pleased with him …”


Read: The Story of the Emergence of Imam Mahdi from Gowa, Not Arab

source https://ramadan.tempo.co/read/1636010/bagaimana-konsep-imam-mahdi-sang-juru-selamat-akhir-zaman-dalam-islam

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  1. Imam Mahdi
    From the Traditions of the Holy Prophet it is evident that the Promised Messiah was to be a follower of the Holy Prophet. One Tradition tells us that

    ‘the Mahdi is no other than the Messiah’ [Ibn-e-Maja]

    Another Tradition says:

    ‘How would it be with you when the son of Mary will descend among you and you will have a leader raised from among you?” [bukhari, kitabul-anbiya, chapter nuzul isa bin maryam]

    These two Traditions leave no doubt that the Messiah himself will be the Mahdi. He would lead followers of the Holy Prophet and would be one from among them, not an outsider. To think that the Messiah and the Mahdi are two different persons is wrong. It is against the clear indication in the Tradition: ‘The Mahdi is no other than the Messiah.’ It behoves good believers to ponder carefully over the utterances of the Holy Prophet. If the utterances seem contradictory, it is for us to try and resolve the contradictions. If the Holy Prophet said, on the one hand, that the Mahdi will appear before the Messiah, and the Messiah will then join the Mahdi and his followers in worship; and, on the other, that the Messiah himself is the Mahdi, what are we going to do? Accept one utterance and reject the other? Is it not rather our duty to consider the two utterances carefully and try to reconcile one to the other? The two utterances can be reconciled at once if we use one of them to interpret the other. It seems that the promise of the advent of the Messiah was couched in words which suggested that the Messiah and the Mahdi were two different persons. This suggestion is corrected by the Tradition which says ‘No Mahdi but the Messiah’ This Tradition makes it plain that the other Tradition is metaphorical. It means that a follower of the Holy Prophet will arise for the purpose of revivifying the world, but would not have that rank of a prophet. Then the promise relating to the second coming of Jesus will be fulfilled in his person and he will announce himself the Promised Messiah. The Tradition, therefore, tells us that the Promised One will start his career as a Muslim reformer who will become invested with the office of Messiah. Divine prophecies have to employ metaphors. They would convey very little otherwise.

    If our interpretaion of these Traditions is not correct, then there are only two alternatives left for a seeker-after truth, both of them absurd and dangerous. Either, we admit that the Tradition, which describes the Messiah and the Mahdi as one and the same person, is not a true Tradition, or, we admit that the Messiah and the Mahdi are two different persons and that the intention of the Tradition is to point to a difference of spiritual significance in the two. It may mean that the true Mahdi would be the Messiah. The other, Mahdi would be insignificant compared with the Messiah. It would be like saying, “Nobody knows but so and so.” When we say such a thing, we do not mean literally that nobody else knows. What we mean is that the given person knows very much more. However, both interpretations are dangerous. One requires us to treat, without good reasons, as spurious a Tradition which is a well authenticated one, true on all sound criteria. The other implies that the Mahdi, in comparison with the Messiah, will be as nothing. Such a thought would be contrary to the Traditions which teach that the Mahdi will be the Imam and the Messiah a follower who stands behind the Imam in a congregation. Both alternatives, therefore, are absurd. The only worthwhile interpretation we can put upon the Tradition is that they foretell the coming of a Messenger from among the followers of the Holy Prophet. This Messenger will first present himself as a reformer and later announce himself the Messiah of the prophecy. The same person will be the Mahdi as well as the Messiah. Except for this interpretation, there can be no plausible interpretation of the Traditions on the subject.

    Lunar and Solar Eclipses (Heavenly Signs for the advent of the Imam Mahdi)

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