A Christian scholar examines Prophet Muhammad’s pluralism and his Covenants at length

Religious Pluralism and Civic Rights in a “Muslim Nation”: An Analysis of Prophet Muhammad’s Covenants with Christians

Source: MDPI – Open Access Publishing

By Craig Considine; Department of Sociology, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA

Academic Editor: Todd Green


This article examines the roles that religious pluralism and civic rights played in Prophet Muhammad’s vision of a “Muslim nation”. I demonstrate how Muhammad desired a pluralistic society in which citizenship and equal rights were granted to all people regardless of religious beliefs and practices. The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of his time are used as a framework for analysis. These documents have received little attention in our time, but their messages are crucial in light of current debates about Muslim-Christian relations. The article campaigns for reviving the egalitarian spirit of the Covenants by refocusing our understanding of the ummah as a site for religious freedom and civil rights. Ultimately, I argue that the Covenants of Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of his time can be used to develop a stronger narrative of democratic partnership between Muslims and Christians in the “Islamic world” and beyond.

Keywords: Prophet Muhammad; religious pluralism; civic nation; Covenants of Prophet Muhammad; Muslim-Christian Relations

Read further: Covenant of Medina


Suggested Reading

Book Review: The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World

Categories: ISLAM, Muhammad, The Muslim Times

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4 replies

  1. So the guy was born into a Christian family. His profile does NOT say he is a practicing Christian. (Craig Considine) He has studied almost exclusively Muslim issues – a little sociology on the side. He’s NOT a Christian scholar. He’s a lifelong student. Working on his doctorate. If anything he is a modern Muslim scholar. But what I have read by him is well written.

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