“Have they not considered how Allah begins creation and then repeats it? Indeed that, for Allah, is easy.” “Say, [O Muhammad], “Travel through the land and observe how He began creation. Then Allah will produce the final creation. Indeed Allah, over all things, is competent.” (Surat Al-Ankabut: 29:19-20).
Studying the tiny and almost massless fundamental particles called neutrinos might turn out to have huge consequences for our understanding of what the universe is made of. The universe as astronomers observe is almost entirely made of matter with very little hints of antimatter in it. Scientists studying neutrinos in China may be able to tell us the reason behind this.
“Physicists have put their last hope on the neutrino to explain the absence of antimatter in the universe,” says Karsten Heeger a professor of physics at UW-Madison.
In an international collaboration between Chinese and American physicists, The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is being conducted near a nuclear reactor in China, 55 kilometers north of Hong Kong. The experiment was built to study the difference between neutrinos and anti-neutrinos.
Physicists have recently come up with a surprising result of how neutrino and anti-neutrinos may be different in a fundamental manner which results in a universe void of antimatter. Their result hints that at the Big Bang an equal amount of matter and antimatter were created yet afterwards antimatter has slowly disappeared.
“This is really remarkable,” says Wenlong Zhan, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and head of the Chinese Physical Society. “We hoped for a positive result when we decided to fund the project, but we never imagined it could come so quickly.”
The result of the experiment was recognised by Science magazine as the second biggest breakthrough of the past year. The first breakthrough of 2012 was the detection of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider.