The Charter of Makkah

On May 28, 2019, the “Charter of Makkah” was
endorsed unanimously by an unprecedented
group of the world’s leading Muslim scholars,
who gathered in the Holy City for the promotion
of moderate Islam.

“The Charter of Makkah” offers Muslims around
the world guidance on the principles that speak
to the true meaning of Islam.

The Charter of Makkah is orientated around the
following principles:

  1. All people, regardless of their different ethnicities,
    races and nationalities, are equal under God.
  2. We reject religious and ethnic claims of “preference.”
  3. Differences among people in their beliefs, cultures
    and natures are part of God’s will and wisdom.
  4. Religious and cultural diversity never justifies
    conflict. Humanity needs positive, civilized partnerships
    and effective interaction. Diversity must be a bridge to
    dialogue, understanding and cooperation for the benefit
    of all humanity.
  5. God revealed Himself to all mankind and is the
    origin of all religious belief, and its various messages
    and methods, when practiced in their true form. We shall
    not define any religion by the false political practices of
    those claiming to be adherents.
  6. Civilized cultural dialogue is the most effective
    way to achieve tolerance and understanding, deepen
    community ties, and overcome obstacles to coexistence.
    We recognize and respect the other’s legitimate rights
    and right to existence. We set aside preconceived
    prejudices, historical animosities, conspiracy theories
    and erroneous generalizations. Those who were alive
    when the mistakes of history occurred are the ones
    responsible for them. No one should be held accountable
    for the mistakes committed by the other; no one should
    held accountable for a sin committed by another,
    irrespective of when in history it occurred.
  7. Religions and philosophies are exonerated from the
    sins committed by their adherents and claimants. These
    sins reflect the adherents’ opinions, not the religions.
    The role of religious leaders is to call people to worship
    their Creator and seek His satisfaction by caring for his
    creations, protecting their dignity, and making positive
    societal and family contributions.
  8. All Muslims should work together to prevent
    destruction and benefit humanity. We should establish a
    noble and effective alliance that goes beyond theory and
    empty slogans, and tackles the root causes of terrorism.
  9. We should advance laws to deter the promotion of
    hatred, the instigation of violence and terrorism, or a
    clash of civilizations, which foster religious and ethnic
  10. Muslims have enriched human civilization and can
    further enrich it today through their many contributions
    to addressing ethical, social and environmental
  11. All individuals must combat terrorism and injustice,
    and reject exploitation and the violation of human rights.
    This duty is neither discriminatory nor partial.
  12. The planet we enjoy is a gift given to us by God. The
    pollution and destruction of our natural resources are
    both a violation of our own rights as well as the rights
    of generations to come. To protect the right to live in
    a clean environment, all countries should sign climate
    treaties, cease polluting the environment, and manage
    industrial progress in a manner that safeguards mankind
    now and in future.
  13. The clash of civilizations that calls for conflict and
    the spread of fear between one another are symptoms
    of isolation and hegemony, caused by racism, cultural
    dominance and seclusion.
  14. These symptoms work together to deepen animosity
    among nations and peoples, and prevent peaceful
    coexistence and positive national integration, especially
    in multi-religious and multi-ethnic countries. Hatred
    is the raw material of nourishment for the industry of
    violence and terrorism.
  15. The phenomenon of Islamophobia results from an
    inability to truly understand Islam. True understanding
    of Islam requires an objective view that is devoid of
    stereotypical and prejudicial notions, which are often
    projected by those falsely claiming to be true Muslims.
  16. All individuals must promote noble moral values
    and encourage responsible social practices. They should
    cooperate in fighting moral, environmental and familial
    challenges according to concepts shared by Islam and
  17. Personal freedom cannot justify violating human
    values or destroying social mores. Freedom does not
    equate chaos. Every freedom must stop before it limits
    the values and freedoms of others, and should respect
    the boundaries of constitutional and legal frameworks,
    while taking into account the public conscience and
    societal tranquility.
  18. Intervention in the internal affairs of countries is
    a flagrant violation of sovereignty. This includes the
    practice of political dominance through economic or
    non-economic means, the promotion of sectarian beliefs
    and attempts to impose religious edicts (Fatwas) without
    respect for local circumstances, conditions and social
    conventions. Regardless of the pretext, intervention
    can never be justified, except in rendering relief aid,
    humanitarian support or social development programs,
    or in answering a legitimate and official request from
    a prominent public interest to confront aggression or
  19. We should follow the examples of accountable global
    development efforts that deter all types of corruption,
    apply the principle of accountability, and change
    consumption patterns that interfere with development
    goals, deplete economic capabilities or waste resources.
  20. Responsible educational institutions form the social
    safeguard of Muslim communities. They require effective
    curricula and teaching tools. The responsibility includes
    promoting centrism and moderation, especially among
  21. All world leaders and international organizations
    should cooperate effectively to achieve safe coexistence
    among the religious, ethnic and cultural communities of
    humanity. No individual should be discriminated against
    based on his or her religion, ethnicity or otherwise
    when it comes to political, economic or humanitarian
  22. Global citizenship is a requirement. The principles
    of Islamic justice dictate respect for all nations, and
    their constitutions and laws. While citizens must
    faithfully pledge allegiance to their state, the state has
    requirements, too. It must ensure security and social
    peace, protect sanctuaries from desecration, and shield
    religious symbols from ridicule. These reflect the principle
    of mutual requirement, with rights for all elements of
    society, including religious and ethnic minorities.
  23. An attack on a site of worship is a criminal act. The
    world must respond to such attacks with firmness of
    law, strong political will, and a unified stance against
    the mindset of terrorism that supports such acts.
  24. Programs to combat hunger, poverty, disease,
    ignorance, racial discrimination and environmental
    destruction require the solidarity of all responsible
    institutions. These include governmental,
    intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations,
    and those active in humanitarian service. Each should
    strive to preserve the dignity of mankind and the human
    rights of men and women.
  25. The empowerment of women should not be
    undermined by marginalizing their role, disrespecting
    their dignity, reducing their status, or impeding their
    opportunities, whether in religious, academic, political
    or social affairs. Their rights include equality of wages
    and opportunity.
  26. The highest responsibility of states and international
    organizations is the welfare of children, and their health,
    education and upbringing. The family also is responsible
    for development a child’s critical thinking to broaden
    his or her horizons, nurture abilities and creativity,
    and develop communicative skills, while safeguarding
    against deviation.
  27. We must enhance the identity of Muslim youth,
    with its five pillars – religion, country, culture, history,
    and language – and protect it against exclusion.
    We must protect youth from the ideas of a clash of
    civilization, and block efforts to mobilize against
    those with whom we intellectually disagree. We must
    combat intellectual extremism along with militancy,
    violence or terrorism, by helping raise awareness
    among youth and guiding them according to the
    Islamic values of tolerance, peace and harmonious
    coexistence. These values teach comprehension of the
    other, preservation of the other’s dignity and rights, and
    observation of the national laws in which one resides.
  28. We should establish an International Forum to
    promote constructive dialogue among youth inside and
    outside Muslim communities.
  29. We should strive beyond resolutions, rhetorical
    initiatives and programs, and theoretical proclamations
    to achieve effective and authentic results that advance
    world peace and security, and fight techniques of
    annihilation, ethnic cleansing, forced migration, human
    trafficking and illegitimate abortion.
  30. Only learned scholars such as those gathered at this
    Conference and agreeing to this Charter can speak in the
    name of the Muslim Ummah, or any matter pertaining
    to its affairs. We share common religious and human
    objectives to advance the interests of all. We recognize
    that this necessitates the participation of all, without
    exclusion, racism or discrimination against anyone,
    irrespective of religion, ethnicity or color.
    Blessing and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad,
    his family and all companions.
    Issued in Makkah Al-Mukarramah in the vicinity of the Holy Ka’bah
    By the Conference on the “Charter of Makkah” convened between
    16 22-24 Ramadhan 1440AH corresponding to 27-29 May 2019


1 reply

  1. OK, we do not agree to all the points. Especially the last one. But we bring you this item so that we all know what everyone is thinking and proposing.

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