On May 28, 2019, the “Charter of Makkah” was
endorsed unanimously by an unprecedented
group of the world’s leading Muslim scholars,
who gathered in the Holy City for the promotion
of moderate Islam.
“The Charter of Makkah” offers Muslims around
the world guidance on the principles that speak
to the true meaning of Islam.
The Charter of Makkah is orientated around the
- All people, regardless of their different ethnicities,
races and nationalities, are equal under God.
- We reject religious and ethnic claims of “preference.”
- Differences among people in their beliefs, cultures
and natures are part of God’s will and wisdom.
- Religious and cultural diversity never justifies
conflict. Humanity needs positive, civilized partnerships
and effective interaction. Diversity must be a bridge to
dialogue, understanding and cooperation for the benefit
of all humanity.
- God revealed Himself to all mankind and is the
origin of all religious belief, and its various messages
and methods, when practiced in their true form. We shall
not define any religion by the false political practices of
those claiming to be adherents.
- Civilized cultural dialogue is the most effective
way to achieve tolerance and understanding, deepen
community ties, and overcome obstacles to coexistence.
We recognize and respect the other’s legitimate rights
and right to existence. We set aside preconceived
prejudices, historical animosities, conspiracy theories
and erroneous generalizations. Those who were alive
when the mistakes of history occurred are the ones
responsible for them. No one should be held accountable
for the mistakes committed by the other; no one should
held accountable for a sin committed by another,
irrespective of when in history it occurred.
- Religions and philosophies are exonerated from the
sins committed by their adherents and claimants. These
sins reflect the adherents’ opinions, not the religions.
The role of religious leaders is to call people to worship
their Creator and seek His satisfaction by caring for his
creations, protecting their dignity, and making positive
societal and family contributions.
- All Muslims should work together to prevent
destruction and benefit humanity. We should establish a
noble and effective alliance that goes beyond theory and
empty slogans, and tackles the root causes of terrorism.
- We should advance laws to deter the promotion of
hatred, the instigation of violence and terrorism, or a
clash of civilizations, which foster religious and ethnic
- Muslims have enriched human civilization and can
further enrich it today through their many contributions
to addressing ethical, social and environmental
- All individuals must combat terrorism and injustice,
and reject exploitation and the violation of human rights.
This duty is neither discriminatory nor partial.
- The planet we enjoy is a gift given to us by God. The
pollution and destruction of our natural resources are
both a violation of our own rights as well as the rights
of generations to come. To protect the right to live in
a clean environment, all countries should sign climate
treaties, cease polluting the environment, and manage
industrial progress in a manner that safeguards mankind
now and in future.
- The clash of civilizations that calls for conflict and
the spread of fear between one another are symptoms
of isolation and hegemony, caused by racism, cultural
dominance and seclusion.
- These symptoms work together to deepen animosity
among nations and peoples, and prevent peaceful
coexistence and positive national integration, especially
in multi-religious and multi-ethnic countries. Hatred
is the raw material of nourishment for the industry of
violence and terrorism.
- The phenomenon of Islamophobia results from an
inability to truly understand Islam. True understanding
of Islam requires an objective view that is devoid of
stereotypical and prejudicial notions, which are often
projected by those falsely claiming to be true Muslims.
- All individuals must promote noble moral values
and encourage responsible social practices. They should
cooperate in fighting moral, environmental and familial
challenges according to concepts shared by Islam and
- Personal freedom cannot justify violating human
values or destroying social mores. Freedom does not
equate chaos. Every freedom must stop before it limits
the values and freedoms of others, and should respect
the boundaries of constitutional and legal frameworks,
while taking into account the public conscience and
- Intervention in the internal affairs of countries is
a flagrant violation of sovereignty. This includes the
practice of political dominance through economic or
non-economic means, the promotion of sectarian beliefs
and attempts to impose religious edicts (Fatwas) without
respect for local circumstances, conditions and social
conventions. Regardless of the pretext, intervention
can never be justified, except in rendering relief aid,
humanitarian support or social development programs,
or in answering a legitimate and official request from
a prominent public interest to confront aggression or
- We should follow the examples of accountable global
development efforts that deter all types of corruption,
apply the principle of accountability, and change
consumption patterns that interfere with development
goals, deplete economic capabilities or waste resources.
- Responsible educational institutions form the social
safeguard of Muslim communities. They require effective
curricula and teaching tools. The responsibility includes
promoting centrism and moderation, especially among
- All world leaders and international organizations
should cooperate effectively to achieve safe coexistence
among the religious, ethnic and cultural communities of
humanity. No individual should be discriminated against
based on his or her religion, ethnicity or otherwise
when it comes to political, economic or humanitarian
- Global citizenship is a requirement. The principles
of Islamic justice dictate respect for all nations, and
their constitutions and laws. While citizens must
faithfully pledge allegiance to their state, the state has
requirements, too. It must ensure security and social
peace, protect sanctuaries from desecration, and shield
religious symbols from ridicule. These reflect the principle
of mutual requirement, with rights for all elements of
society, including religious and ethnic minorities.
- An attack on a site of worship is a criminal act. The
world must respond to such attacks with firmness of
law, strong political will, and a unified stance against
the mindset of terrorism that supports such acts.
- Programs to combat hunger, poverty, disease,
ignorance, racial discrimination and environmental
destruction require the solidarity of all responsible
institutions. These include governmental,
intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations,
and those active in humanitarian service. Each should
strive to preserve the dignity of mankind and the human
rights of men and women.
- The empowerment of women should not be
undermined by marginalizing their role, disrespecting
their dignity, reducing their status, or impeding their
opportunities, whether in religious, academic, political
or social affairs. Their rights include equality of wages
- The highest responsibility of states and international
organizations is the welfare of children, and their health,
education and upbringing. The family also is responsible
for development a child’s critical thinking to broaden
his or her horizons, nurture abilities and creativity,
and develop communicative skills, while safeguarding
- We must enhance the identity of Muslim youth,
with its five pillars – religion, country, culture, history,
and language – and protect it against exclusion.
We must protect youth from the ideas of a clash of
civilization, and block efforts to mobilize against
those with whom we intellectually disagree. We must
combat intellectual extremism along with militancy,
violence or terrorism, by helping raise awareness
among youth and guiding them according to the
Islamic values of tolerance, peace and harmonious
coexistence. These values teach comprehension of the
other, preservation of the other’s dignity and rights, and
observation of the national laws in which one resides.
- We should establish an International Forum to
promote constructive dialogue among youth inside and
outside Muslim communities.
- We should strive beyond resolutions, rhetorical
initiatives and programs, and theoretical proclamations
to achieve effective and authentic results that advance
world peace and security, and fight techniques of
annihilation, ethnic cleansing, forced migration, human
trafficking and illegitimate abortion.
- Only learned scholars such as those gathered at this
Conference and agreeing to this Charter can speak in the
name of the Muslim Ummah, or any matter pertaining
to its affairs. We share common religious and human
objectives to advance the interests of all. We recognize
that this necessitates the participation of all, without
exclusion, racism or discrimination against anyone,
irrespective of religion, ethnicity or color.
Blessing and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad,
his family and all companions.
Issued in Makkah Al-Mukarramah in the vicinity of the Holy Ka’bah
By the Conference on the “Charter of Makkah” convened between
16 22-24 Ramadhan 1440AH corresponding to 27-29 May 2019
Categories: Arab World, Asia, Diversity in Islam, Islam, Saudi Arabia
OK, we do not agree to all the points. Especially the last one. But we bring you this item so that we all know what everyone is thinking and proposing.
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