Al Wassay God and the Expanding Universe


 وَالسَّمَاءَ بَنَيْنَاهَا بِأَيْدٍ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ

And the heaven We built with our own powers and indeed We go on expanding it. . (Al Quran 51:47/48)

By Dr. Zia H Shah and Dr. Lutf ur Rehman

Published in the Muslim Sunrise (The Oldest Muslim Publication of North America)

The Holy Qur’an invites mankind to ponder on the universe that He has created.  The Qur’an urges us to reflect on the Laws of Nature — with examples drawn from cosmology, physics, biology and medicine — as signs for all men. For example the Glorious Qur’an says, “Do they not then look at the camel, how it is created? And at the heaven, how it is raised high?’ (Al Quran: chapter Ghashiayah)

Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad, Khalifatul Masih IV, wrote in his book Revelation, Rationality, Knowledge and Truth:

At the time the Holy Qur’an was revealed, the human understanding of the nature of the cosmos and the movement or the stillness of the heavenly bodies was extremely primitive and obscure. This is no longer the case, as our knowledge of the universe has considerably advanced and expanded by the present age.  Some of the theories relating to the creation of the universe have been verified as facts, whereas some others are still being explored.  The concept of the expanding universe belongs to the former category, and has been universally accepted by the scientific community as ‘fact’. This discovery was first made by Edwin Hubble in the 1920s. Yet some thirteen centuries before this, it was clearly mentioned in the Qur’an in Sura Dhariyat: And the heaven We built with Our own powers (aydin) and indeed We go on expanding it (musi’un).  It should be remembered that the concept of the continuous expansion of the universe is exclusive to the Qur’an. No other Divine scriptures even remotely hint at it.

Read further on page 27 of the Winter 2016 volume of the Muslim Sunrise: Muslim Sunrise Winter 2016 volume

3 replies

  1. The astronomers determined the expansion of the universe based on Doppler effect. The light from the stars is shift to red. In my book I have quoted another verse to show the universe is expanding. Verse 81:15-16: “So verily I call to witness the planets – that recede, Those that run [their courses] and disappear -.” These verses describes the events towards the end of the universe that astronomers termed the Big Crunch. According the cosmology, the currently receding stars will collapse into Big Crunch. The Arabic word used in the verse is “khunsa.” It’s meaning is “receding.” These verses are indication that the universe is expanding. The states the receding stars will be called back.

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