European Court of Human Rights Makes a Landmark Decision on Free Speech and the Prophet Muhammad

European Court of Human Rights

Members of the European Court of Human Rights listen at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France, 31 October 2017 (EPA Photo).  The Muslim Times has the best collection of articles about free speech, the prophet Muhammad and to refute Islamophobia

Insulting Prophet Muhammad not ‘free speech,’ ECtHR rules

Source: Daily Sabah

Defaming the Prophet Muhammad exceeds the permissible limits of freedom of expression, ruled the European Court of Human Rights, upholding an Austrian court’s decision

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) ruled Thursday that an Austrian woman’s criminal conviction and fine for her statements accusing the Prophet Muhammad of pedophilia did not breach her right to free speech.

The decision by a seven-judge panel came as an Austrian national identified as E.S. by the court, had held seminars on Islam in 2008 and 2009 for the far-right Freedom Party (FPO) where she discussed the prophet’s marriage to his wife Aisha, a child at the time, and implied that he was a pedophile.

An Austrian court convicted her of disparaging religious doctrines in 2011 and fined her 480 euros (548 dollars), a judgment that was upheld on two appeals.

Stating that the court had found that “the applicant’s statements had been likely to arouse justified indignation in Muslims” and “amounted to a generalization without factual basis”, the Strasbourg-based ECtHR said that the woman’s comments could not be covered by the freedom of expression.

The court said it “found in particular that the domestic courts comprehensively assessed the wider context of the applicant’s statements and carefully balanced her right to freedom of expression with the right of others to have their religious feelings protected, and served the legitimate aim of preserving religious peace in Austria.”

The statement also added that there had been no violation of Article 10 of the European Convention of Human Rights, covering freedom of expression. “Relying on Article 10 (freedom of expression), E.S. complained that the domestic courts failed to address the substance of the impugned statements in the light of her right to freedom of expression.”

ES’ statements “were not phrased in a neutral manner aimed at being an objective contribution to a public debate concerning child marriages,” the ECtHR held, adding that the moderate fine imposed on her could not be considered disproportionate.

The Austrian courts had drawn a distinction between pedophilia and child marriage, which was also a common practice historically in European ruling families.

The ECtHR also underlined that it classified the ‘impugned’ statements as “an abusive attack on the Prophet of Islam, which was capable of stirring up prejudice and putting at risk religious peace.”

It noted that the Austrian courts had held that ES was making value judgments partly based on untrue facts and without regard to the historical context.

Religious beliefs must be subject to criticism and denial, the ECHR observed, but when statements about religions went beyond critical denial and were likely to incite religious intolerance, states could take proportionate restrictive measures, the court said.

Austria, a country of 8.8 million people, has roughly 600,000 Muslim inhabitants. Lately, it has emerged as the leader of Islamophobia among European countries. The coalition government, an alliance of conservatives and the far right, came to power soon after Europe’s migration crisis on promises to prevent another influx and restrict benefits for new immigrants and refugees. In April, Austria’s far-right Chancellor Sebastian Kurz threatened to close one of the biggest mosques in Vienna and urged municipal authorities to be stricter regarding state subsidies for Muslim organizations in the city.

Reference

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7 replies

  1. Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights

    Article 10 provides the right to freedom of expression, subject to certain restrictions that are “in accordance with law” and “necessary in a democratic society”. This right includes the freedom to hold opinions, and to receive and impart information and ideas, but allows restrictions for:

    interests of national security
    territorial integrity or public safety
    prevention of disorder or crime
    protection of health or morals
    protection of the reputation or the rights of others
    preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence
    maintaining the authority and impartiality of the judiciary

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Convention_on_Human_Rights

  2. It is not fair at all. Why?

    There is the freedom of speech in EU— but there is no freedom of speech and religion in KSA, IRAN, Pakistan etc

    Most Muslim who live in EU are silence. Why?

    All love ❤️

  3. We in the Muslim Times promote secularism in every country of the world. There should be freedom of speech but not freedom to abuse or hate speech in every country and every sect in the world.

    God will judge us for our compassion, justice and tolerance and not for any dogma or fixed ideas, which don’t lead to any good actions.

  4. Great decision by the court.
    Prophet’s marriage with Ayesha is a self inflicted wound by the so called Muslim Scholars. There is plenty of evidence to show that at the time of marriage Ayesha’s age was at least 13 possibly 18.
    Holy Qur’an does not permit child marriage. It requires the consent of the woman for marriage. This can only happen when she is an adult. Definition of adulthood in the Quran is when one can understand his or her interests and manage them independently. (within reason).

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