Source: The Muslim Sunrise
From the high echelons of international relations down to the smallest domestic level, fairness and justice among members of human society are essential requirements for maintaining peace and harmony. To maintain justice, rules and regulations are developed and enforced. Not only secular societies have their own judicial systems, but most of the world faith traditions have their particular religious laws according to their Holy Scriptures and ancient moral practices. God is just and those who believe in a Just God try to follow His commandments to be fair and equitable in dealing with each other. Hindus, Jews, Christians and Muslims have their ethical codes to promote justice.
In this volume of the Muslim Sunrise, we have tried to cover various aspects of Islamic system of justice. The Holy Qur’an gives a strong base to maintain justice in the world and it is one of the most important aspects of Islam’s mission. Islam is defined as “peace through submission of one’s will to the Will of God.” Muhammad (sa), the Holy Prophet of Islam, and his Rightly-Guided successors demonstrated the fundamental value of justice in Islamic society. The code of Islamic law, known as Sharia, is based on the verdicts of the Holy Qur’an, practice and sayings of the Holy Prophet (sa) and Ijtihad –exercise of personal judgment to ascertain a decision.
In his historic address at Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C., the Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Hadhrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad (aba) emphasized that all people are equal by birth in the sight of the Loving and Merciful God. Unfortunately, at present time at international level, people living in different countries are not treated equal, and this situation needs, through acts of justice, to be corrected if we want to establish peace on earth. This Islamic concept of justice was elaborated by Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad (rh), the Fourth Khalifa of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in a short article which is included in this issue. We also have other articles which cover in detail various aspects of Islamic system of justice, and help remove the misconceptions about Sharia and its relation with secular law. In Islam, justice needs to be established not only through a legal system and judiciary courts, but it is the duty of each and every person in society to remain just, discharging his/her obligations towards others. These articles also shed light on human rights, specially rights of women. One article elaborates the historical development of Islamic law during the era of Ottoman Empire – which was one of the most powerful states in the world. Another article deals with the system of justice – “Dar-ul-Qadha’a” — in the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community to arbitrate in some civil disputes outside the courts as allowed by the laws of many countries.
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Enjoy the articles of the volume: Muslim Sunrise – Fall 2017
Categories: Secularism, Sharia, Sharia Law, Shariah Law, The Muslim Times
The Tenet of Islamic teaching Love and Justice for all people regardless religion, race, gender, age etc
I post here some verses relate to Justice in Islam.
QS 4: 135.You who believe! be upholders of justice, bearing witness for Allah alone, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives. Whether they are rich or poor, Allah is well able to look after them. Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. If you twist or turn away, Allah is aware of what you do.
QS 7:181. Among those We have created there is a community who guide by the Truth and act justly according to it.
QS 10;47.Every nation has a Messenger and when their Messenger comes everything is decided between them justly. They are not wronged.
QS 16;(90) Allah enjoins to do justice and to adopt good behavior and to give relatives (their due rights), and forbids shameful acts, evil deeds and oppressive attitude. He exhorts you, so that you may be mindful.
QS 5:8..O you who believe, be steadfast for (obeying the commands of) Allah, (and) witnesses for justice. Malice against a people should not prompt you to avoid doing justice. Do justice. That is nearer to Taqwa. Fear Allah. Surely, Allah is All-Aware of what you do.
QS 60;8.It is hoped that Allah will bring about love between you and those of them with whom you have enmity. 2 Allah is Powerful, and Allah is Most-forgiving, Very-Merciful. Allah does not forbid you as regards those who did not fight you on account of faith, and did not expel you from your homes, that you do good to them, and deal justly with them. Surely Allah loves those who maintain justice. .
QS 42:15. And say ( Muhammad ), “I believe in whatever book Allah has sent down. And I have been ordered to do justice among you(Christian, Jews, Quraish, etc ). Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us are our deeds, and for you, your deeds. There is no argumentation between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is the final return.”.