Written and collected by Zia H Shah MD, Chief Editor of the Muslim Times
Scientific revolution of the last few centuries has demystified the moon, as man landed there more than 50 years ago. Science has moved the seat of thinking and emotions from the heart in the popular literature to the brain. Several human organs are now being transplanted, from one human to another, with the notable exception of brain.
This article demonstrates the truth of a prophecy of the Holy Quran that the humans have been given, but a little knowledge, about soul or consciousness. The prophecy continues to be true after centuries of research in biology and computer sciences and will be true forever. This article brings contemporary scholarship and research to the commentary of the well known verse of the Holy Quran, about soul:
And they ask you concerning the soul. Say, ‘The soul is by the command of my Lord; and of the knowledge thereof you have been given but a little.’ (Al Surah Al-Isra’ 17:85)
The dialogue below, between two leading authorities working on human consciousness, and the collection of articles are an ample proof, how little we know about human soul, human consciousness and even parts of it like, thoughts, intuitions, emotions and passions.
First a few details about the biography of the two experts in the dialogue below.
Daniel Clement Dennett III (born March 28, 1942) is an American philosopher, writer, and cognitive scientist whose research centers on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and philosophy of biology, particularly as those fields relate to evolutionary biology and cognitive science.
As of 2017, he is the co-director of the Center for Cognitive Studies and the Austin B. Fletcher Professor of Philosophy at Tufts University in Massachusetts. Dennett is a member of the editorial board for The Rutherford Journal and a co-founder of The Clergy Project.
Keith Ward FBA (born 1938) is an English philosopher, and theologian. He is a fellow of the British Academy and a priest of the Church of England. He was a canon of Christ Church, Oxford, until 2003. Comparative theology and the relationship between science and religion are two of his main topics of interest.
One of Ward’s main focuses is the dialogue between religious traditions, an interest which led him to be joint president of the World Congress of Faiths (WCF) from 1992 to 2001. His work also explores concepts of God and the idea of revelation. He has also written on his opinion of a relationship between science and religion. As an advocate of theistic evolution, he regards evolution and Christianity as essentially compatible, a belief he has described in his book God, Chance and Necessity and which is in contrast to his Oxford colleague Richard Dawkins, a vocal and prominent atheist.
Ward has said that Dawkins’ conclusion that there is no God or any purpose in the universe is “naive” and not based on science but on a hatred of religion. Dawkins’ strong anti-religious views originate, according to Ward, from earlier encounters with “certain forms of religion which are anti-intellectual and anti-scientific … and also emotionally pressuring.”
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