Day: September 15, 2019

Europe’s debt to the Islamic World

By Zakaria Virk, Canada ‘It was under the influence of,’ wrote Robert Briffault in the Making of Humanity, ‘Arabian and Moorish revival of culture and not in the 15th century, that the real renaissance took place.’ Zakaria Virk has done an excellent job demonstrating the validity of Briffault’s conclusion, not only in […]

Science and Technology in Ottoman Sultanate

By Zakaria Virk, Kingston, Canada Ottoman Sultanate was centered in present-day Turkey, extending its influence into south-eastern Europe as well as the Middle East. It lasted from 1299-1923, succeeded by Republic of Turkey. The Ottoman Empire consisted of 29 provinces, spanning Europe, Asia and North Africa. It was called Ottoman […]