Abū al-Walīd Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Rushd
أبو الوليد محمد بن أحمد بن رشد
Date of birth:
Date of death:
10 Dec, 1198
An Andalusian philosopher, physician, and polymath, a master of philosophy, Islamic law, astronomy, medicine, physics, and science. He was born in Cordoba, and died in Marrakech (1126-10 December 1198 CE). His school of philosophy is known as Averroism. He has been described as the founding father of secular thought in Western Europe.
Famous by his commentaries on Aristotle and by his work in medicine, a medical encyclopaedia called Al-Kulliyat fi ‘l-ttib (Generalities in medicine), known in its Latin translation as Colliget. He also made a compilation of the works of Galen (129-200 CE) and wrote a commentary on The Canon of Medicine (Al-Qanun fi ‘t-tibb) of Ibn Sina. In astronomy, Ibn Rushd rejected the eccentric deferents and the Ptolemaic model and instead argued for a strictly concentric model of the universe.
Jacob Anatoli translated several of the works of Ibn Rushd from Arabic into Hebrew in the 1200s. Many of them were later translated from Hebrew into Latin by Jacob Mantino and Abraham de Balmes. Other works were translated directly from Arabic into Latin by Michael Scot. Many of his works in logic and metaphysics have been permanently lost, while others, including some of the longer Aristotelian commentaries, have only survived in Latin or Hebrew translation. The fullest version of his works is in Latin, and forms part of the multi-volume Juntine edition of Aristotle published in Venice (1562-1574).
See H. Chad Hillier (2006). Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (1126 – 1198 CE), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (1126 – 1198 CE); and Ibn Rushd, Kitab fasl al-maqal (On the Harmony of Religions and Philosophy).
* Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
* Ibn Rushd: Harmony of Theological & Philosophical (Scientific) Truth
Categories: Arab World