Africa’s unique vulnerability to violent extremism

Jan 14,2017 – JORDAN TIMES – Mohamed Yahya

Africa bears the brunt of lives lost, economies ruined and relationships fractured by terrorism.

It is the continent where Al Qaeda launched its war against the United States in 1998, by bombing the US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; where Boko Haram kidnapped 276 Nigerian schoolgirls in 2014; and where 147 students were killed in their sleep at Kenya’s Garissa University in 2015.

While these attacks did garner the world’s attention, most people do not realise that, in the past five years alone, 33,000 people died in terrorism-related violence in Africa.

Violent extremism and groups espousing it are threatening to reverse Africa’s development gains not only in the near term but also for decades to come.

African countries are particularly vulnerable to violent ideologues, owing to the prevalence of weak institutions and ungoverned territory where extremist groups can germinate.

Add to this the mismanagement of ethnic and religious diversity, stir in a large and growing cohort of unemployed and digitally connected youth, and the continent offers ideal conditions for mayhem.

Emulating countries elsewhere, African governments have responded to violent extremism primarily by putting “hard” security first.

But this strategy has not reduced extremist groups’ potency or limited their reach.

MORE:    http://jordantimes.com/opinion/mohamed-yahya/africa%E2%80%99s-unique-vulnerability-violent-extremism

The writer is Africa Regional Programme Coordinator for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). ©Project Syndicate, 2017. www.project-syndicate.org

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