REPORTER : TEMPO.CO
EDITOR : BRAM SETIAWAN
SUNDAY, 10 APRIL 2022
TEMPO.CO , Jakarta – The various currents of Islam today originate from the diversity of thoughts of their predecessors or figures. Various schools in Islam have a history and history of their respective teachings.
What are the sects of Islam?
Shia are divided into four groups, namely Zaidiyah, Ismaili, Isna Asyarirah, and Ghulat. The development of Shia in Indonesia went through several stages. The first coincided with the entry of Islam. Second, post-revolution of Islam in Iran. Third, through Indonesian scholars who study in Iran. Fourth, the stage of openness through the establishment of the Indonesian Ahlul Bait Jamaah association organization. The Shia have several views, namely:
- Shia reject hadiths not narrated by Ahlul Bait
- Seeing the priest as a saint
- Not recognizing Ijma without an Imam
- Viewing that establishing leadership or government is part of the pillars of religion
- Not recognizing the caliphate of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, Umar Ibn al-Khattab, and Usman bin Affan.
In Shia teachings, a person is said to be a believer if he fulfills the five pillars, namely At-Tawhid, An Nubuwwah, Al Imamah, Al Adlu, and Al Ma’ad.
- Sunni ( Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah )
Muslims in Indonesia are dominant in the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah sect . In Sunni teachings, a believer is obliged to fulfill the six pillars of faith.
Reported by Alkhairaat , adherents of the Ahlu Sunnah wal Jamaah or Sunni sect are not limited to two organizations, Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), but also many other organizations.
Historically, the Khawarij agreed that there would be peace between Ali bin Abi Talib and Muawiyah during the Siffin war. The Kharijites are of the view that the perpetrators of major sins are disbelievers. They also argue that Yusuf’s letter is not a letter in the Qur’an, because it is considered to contain stories.
- Islamic Congregation
Quoting the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), the concept of Jamaah Islam emerged in Indonesia in the 1970s. Their teachings were considered heretical and caused unrest, until finally this teaching was banned by the government in 1971. However, they continued to carry out their activities by changing their names, then peaking in 1977 to 1978. The views adopted by this sect are:
- Assume that Muslims who are not part of the Jama’at Islam are included in 72 groups who will definitely go to hell
- Muslims must appoint Amirul Mu’minin who is the center of leadership
- Followers of this sect have to cut ties with adherents of other groups, even if their own parents are considered invalid if their prayers are performed behind the back of a person who is not a Muslim Jamaat.
- Legal marriages in this school are marriages that are approved by Amirul Mukminin
- Ahmadiyya Qadian
Citing a scientific report published by Andalas University, Ahmadiyya comes from Qadian in India. Founded on March 23, 1889 by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Ahmadiyah has a belief, there is a prophet after Muhammad, namely Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Along with its development, Mirza’s teachings managed to spread to other countries, namely England, America, Germany, and Indonesia.
In Indonesia, Ahmadiyah was first recognized by three West Sumatran people who went to India in 1922. They spread the teachings in Padang Maulan, Bukittinggi, Padang Panjang, Batu Sangkar, to Solok.
In 1980 the MUI declared the Ahmadiyah sect to be heretical and misleading. This decision was strengthened through the decision of the Indonesian Ulema Council number 11/MUNASVII/MUI/15/2005.
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