Whoever saves a life it will be as if he or she has saved the whole of humanity. (Al Quran 5:32/33)
The Nobel Peace Prize 2019 was awarded to Abiy Ahmed Ali “for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.”
- Abiy Ahmed wins Nobel Peace Prize: The Ethiopian Prime Minister has won the prestigious award after brokering an audacious peace deal with Eritrea.
- Leader ended a savage war: The conflict between the two African nations raged for two decades after erupting in the late 1990s.
- Greta Thunberg was the favorite: Abiy beat out competition from hundreds of nominees for the 100th Peace Prize, including 16-year-old activist Greta Thunberg and New Zealand’s leader Jacinda Ardern.
Abiy Ahmed Ali (Amharic: ዐቢይ አህመድ አሊ [ʔa.bij ʔah.mad ʔa.li], Oromo: Abiyyii Ahimad Alii, often shortened to Abiy Ahmed or just Abiy; born 15 August 1976) is an Ethiopian politician serving since 2 April 2018 as the fourth and current prime minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. He is chairman of both the ruling EPRDF (Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front) and the ODP (Oromo Democratic Party) (which is one of the four coalition parties of the EPRDF). Abiy is also an elected member of the Ethiopian parliament, and a member of the ODP and EPRDF executive committees.
A former army intelligence officer, since becoming prime minister Abiy has launched a wide programme of political and economic reforms, not all of which have met with favour by supporters of the federalism-based constitution/system of Ethiopia and in Tigray (in which Abiy’s shake-up of the Ethiopian state that has targeted Tigrayans is seen as selective).
Abiy was awarded the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his work in ending the 20-year post-war territorial stalemate between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Abiy Ahmed was born in the town of Beshasha in the historic Kaffa Province (in the present-day Jimma Zone, Oromia Region) of Ethiopia on 15 August 1976. His deceased father, Ahmed Ali, was a Muslim Oromo (and had four wives), while his deceased mother, Tezeta Wolde, was an Orthodox Christian Amhara.