75,000 children in Iran to gain nationality under new law

TEHRAN, IRAN – APRIL 18: (—-EDITORIAL USE ONLY Ð MANDATORY CREDIT – “IRANIAN PRESIDENCY – HANDOUT” – NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS – DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS—-) Iranian President Hassan Rouhani attends military parade held to mark the National Army Day in Tehran, Iran on April 18, 2019. Military parades by units of Iranian land, air, naval and special forces took place within the ceremony. Iranian Presidency / Handout / Anadolu Agency/ABACAPRESS/ddp images

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today’s press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

01 December 2020

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, welcomes the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s move to give nationality to thousands of children born to Iranian mothers and non-Iranian fathers.

The first children, out of some 10,000 children whose citizenship applications have so far been accepted, received their long-awaited Iranian identity document – known as a ‘Shenasnameh’, last month.

According to the Government of Iran, nearly 75,000 children at risk of becoming statelessness are eligible for Iranian citizenship under a new nationality law, which was amended in 2019 to allow children under 18 years to apply for the identity documents.

During the COVID-19 pandemic in Iran, UNHCR has continued providing free remote legal advice and assistance to parents of children whose mothers are Iranian nationals and whose fathers are foreign nationals, to help them through the nationality application process.

By allowing Iranian mothers to pass their nationality to their children, the law also marks a ground-breaking step towards reducing the gender gap in Iran, where nationality used to be passed on mainly by fathers.

Although Iran is not party to the UN Conventions on Statelessness, the Government of Iran is taking steps towards the prevention and reduction of statelessness in the country. While the law does not give mothers and fathers equal rights to confer nationality to their children, it represents significant progress.

Around the world, stateless people can face a lifetime of exclusion and discrimination and are often denied access to education, health care, and job opportunities – making them vulnerable to exploitation and abuse.

For more information on this topic, please contact:

For Iran, Farha Bhoyroo, bhoyroo@unhcr.org, +98 912 132 7183
In Bangkok, Kasita Rochanakorn, rochanak@unhcr.org, +66 64 932 0803
In Bangkok, Catherine Stubberfield, stubberf@unhcr.org, +66 665 929 8062
In Geneva, Babar Baloch, baloch@unhcr.org, +41 79 513 9549
In New York, Kathryn Mahoney, mahoney@unhcr.org, +1 347 443 7646

source https://www.unhcr.org/news/briefing/2020/12/5fc5fecf4/75000-children-iran-gain-nationality-under-new-law.html

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