The Daily Times: Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi faces the challenge of either sustaining the support of Myanmar Buddhists to remain in power or condemning the ethnic cleansing of the Rohingyas and living up to her Nobel Laureate duty. For a country which never gained civilian institutions or state systems and instead fell into the control of the Tatmadaw (armed forces of Myanmar) after independence, it will be difficult to reverse the legacies of violence. To protect the human rights of the Rohingya, Suu Kyi needs to acknowledge the genocide and mobilise the society and government to act upon it.
Myanmar has long been a victim of authoritarian rule, starting from British colonialism, to the Japanese and now their own military. The country harbours wounds from the exploitation and killing of Buddhists by colonial rulers, which has manifested in the form of hostility towards non-Buddhist ethnic groups. Buddhist nationalism has convinced the seemingly peaceful Buddhists to eradicate Rohingya Muslims, who are not considered citizens.
It seems impossible to convince a government that is not majority democratic to change its constitution, which denies certain ethnic minorities their rights. Although Myanmar has gained independence and the National League for Democracy (NLD) has won elections in 1990, 2012 and 2015, Myanmar is in reality an Ethnocracy (a political regime that facilitates expansion and control by a dominant ethnicity).