Qur’an lesson for today: 375. Commandment – Muslims are allowed to marry upto four women as long as they deal with them justly, otherwise marry only one

375. Commandment – Muslims are allowed to marry upto four women as long as they deal with them justly, otherwise marry only one

[4:4] And if you fear that you will not be fair in dealing with the orphans, then marry of women as may be agreeable to you, two, or three, or four; and if you fear you will not deal justly, then marry only one or what your right hands possess. That is the nearest way for you to avoid injustice.

[4:128] And they seek of thee the decision of the Law with regard to women. Say, Allah gives you His decision regarding them. And so does that which is recited to you in the Book concerning the orphan girls whom you give not what is prescribed for them and whom you desire to marry, and concerning the weak among children. And He enjoins you to observe equity towards the orphans. And whatever good you do, surely Allah knows it well.

[4:130] And you cannot keep perfect balance between wives, however much you may desire it. But incline not wholly to one so that you leave the other like a thing suspended. And if you amend and act righteously, surely Allah is Most Forgiving, Merciful.

1 reply

  1. http://www.alislam.org/holyprophet/Seal-of-Prophets-Vol-2.pdf

    Islāmic Law of Marriage and Divorce
    Many Islāmic injunctions relevant to marriage and divorce, etc.,
    were also revealed during this very year. At this instance, therefore, it seems
    appropriate to present a brief outline relevant to issues of marriage and
    divorce as taught by the Islāmic law. Firstly and foremost, it should be known
    that prior to Islām there was no specific law imposed among the Arabs with
    relation to marriage and divorce. In fact, the only form which existed was
    that of tradition and custom, and adherence to this depended on the will of
    every individual. It is for this reason that in different parts of the country and
    within various tribes, this custom took on differing forms.
    On a general note it should be understood that there was no real
    limitation among the Arabs as far as lawful and unlawful relations were
    concerned, to the extent that people would even marry their step-mothers.1
    The custom of forcefully taking possession of the widow of a near relative was
    also prevalent.2
    There were different forms of marriage, and among them,
    four were most prevalent and renowned. Firstly, was the custom of marriage,
    which was established in Islām, albeit, in a more pure and wholesome manner.
    However, the remaining three were so filthy and vile that a person’s disposition
    feels hesitation in even alluding to them.3
    There was no limit in polygamy,
    rather, the number of wives depended on a person’s individual requirement,
    wealth and desire.4
    There was no law in order to ensure equality and justice
    between wives, nor did any responsibility lie upon the husband in this
    respect. There were no stipulated rights of men upon women, or of women
    upon men, rather, everything was left upon the husband’s choice. There was
    no law of divorce. A husband would separate from his wife when and how
    he so willed. If the husband did not allow, there was no other route for a
    woman to seek a divorce. As a matter of fact, even after a divorce had been
    issued, cruel men would continue to control their divorcees, and would forbid
    them from marrying anyone else.5
    There was no law regarding ‘Iddat either.
    Immediately after separation, a woman would be considered free to marry
    1 An-Nisā’ (4:23)
    2 An-Nisā’ (4:20)
    3 Ṣaḥīḥul-Bukhārī, Kitābun-Nikāḥ, Bābu Man Qāla Lā Nikāḥa Illā Bi-Waliyyin, Ḥadīth No. 5127
    4 Sunanut-Tirmidhī, Kitābun-Nikāḥ, Bābu Mā Jā’a Fir-Rajuli Yuslimu Wa ‘Indahū ‘Ashru Niswatin,
    Ḥadith No. 1128
    5 Al-Baqarah (2:233)Seal of the Prophets – Volume II
    514

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